Anonymous, LulzSec, AntiSec, Etc.: A Brief History of Hacktivism

The hacktivist collective Anonymous began getting media attention in 2008 with its attacks on the Church of Scientology. Three years later, Anonymous and its many offshoots and associations, including LulzSec, AntiSec, TeamPoison and the Peoples Liberation Front, reached the pinnacle of their infamy with major attacks on powerful corporations and government agencies. Here, CIO.com presents in pictures an abridged (and admittedly U.S.-centric) timeline of hacktivist activity.
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Image courtesy Rob Sheridan

January 2008: The Church of Scientology

Members of Anonymous defaced the Websites of several local chapters of the Church of Scientology and launched distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks against them. Anonymous targeted the Church of Scientology after the church forced Websites to remove a Scientology video featuring Tom Cruise. Anonymous viewed the church's forceful effort as censorship and a threat to Internet freedom.

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