How to Keep Cloud Projects Agile, Simple
Roger Fisher and William Ury (literally) wrote the book about 'Getting to Yes' in a negotiation. With users, the right answer is often 'No.' Here are some hints to make sure that your cloud project doesn't fall victim to weak 'Yes' answers.
Mon, June 04, 2012
CIO — In the previous articles in this series, we've examined persistent problems that can kill Agile projects. You don't want your next cloud project to be wrought with too many specifications, managed as a Big Bang, slash-and-burn deployment, or procured with bid-to-win behaviors.
Now it's time to work on an issue that underlies all of those problematic behaviors: saying "Yes" too often.
Of course this is heresy. User-centered design is at the core of good UI. It would be political suicide for IT to say "No" to powerful users. IT engineering exists to serve the business, not order it around.
All those statements are true. But so is this: Saying "Yes" when the answer really needs to be "No" is an invitation to a project failure. Improper expectations don't just hurt budgets and schedules. They damage credibility—and, in the end, they force you to expend resources when you shouldn't have to.
Saying "No" Part of a Painful Conversation
Unfortunately, the longer the project takes, the greater the likelihood of the scope creep that is the bane of project management. It's hard to know which form of scope creep is worse—explicit (adding features to compensate for being late) or implicit (when users cry, "But I thought the system would just work that way").
Of course, you can try to resolve this by having an air-tight spec. Have fun with that—it's rarely effective, and it usually mires you in microscopic thinking that guarantees you'll miss something important.
It's no accident that Agile advocates short projects and minimalist specifications. The goal is to have the team with a small number of deeply motivated and detail-knowledgeable people moving as fast as possible down the field. It's also no accident that an Agile increment is called a scrum, from the root of the word scrimmage.
There's no market for bad news, so nobody wants to be the person saying no all the time. Let's take it one step further—in many cases, if you clearly say "No," you're asking for retaliation, often in the form of an even more firmly stated requirement. That's just how people act.
Keeping that in mind, here are three conversational tactics for saying "No" that I have seen succeed.
1. The Bureaucratic Dodge.
OK, this doesn't sound good. But it's not dishonest, and it's actually easy for some executives—note the immortal title of Seth Godin's book, All Marketers are Liars.