Senior IT manager Purna Jandyala leads a team of professional developers at Medtronic, a medical technology, services, and solutions company with more than 90,000 employees worldwide. His team maintains five separate service portals and more than 25 business-critical processes and applications, serving more than 90,000 employees.\nIncreasingly, his team is struggling to keep up with the growing demand for new software features and automation for cross-departmental workflows.\n Getty Images\n\nBy cultivating citizen developers, your skilled developers can spend their time on pro-level coding.\n\n\n\u201cWorking in IT, we need a lot of on-demand developer resources for every new project,\u201d he says. Amid a worldwide shortage of skilled coders, he can\u2019t hire enough professional developers to handle the workload. The solution? \u201cWith the support of our leadership, we implemented a citizen developer model,\u201d Jandyala says.\nA citizen developer (CD) is someone who uses low-code development tools, such as ServiceNow\u2019s App Engine, to create new software applications. That\u2019s important given the severe shortage of developers with enterprise-level coding skills. Demand for business-related apps currently outstrips IT capacity by a factor of five, according to Gartner research. And IDC predicts 30% of high-demand IT jobs that involve working with emerging technologies will remain unfilled through 2022.\nJandyala and his colleagues created a formal program called Citizen Developer 101 (CD 101) to train employees on the Now Platform. Aspiring citizen developers learn the basics of creating and modifying digital workflows. They must also demonstrate that they understand the company\u2019s standards and best practices for software development.\nJust getting started\nDespite all the hype and investment surrounding digital transformation, the reality is that the digitization of work is still in its very early stages at most companies. Speaking at a recent low-code\/no-code symposium, ServiceNow CIO Chris Bedi estimated that more than 90% of business processes are managed offline. \u201cThere aren\u2019t enough pro developers to automate all those manual processes,\u201d Bedi said.\nCitizen developer programs can help fill the gap by teaching line employees to build their own apps and workflows using low-code tools. Medtronic\u2019s CD 101 program onboards and trains new CDs, making sure they understand the guidelines and best practices set forth by ServiceNow and Medtronic throughout the app development process. In order to get access to Now Platform capabilities, each CD needs to get certified at one of three levels. Each level gives CDs access to specific capabilities on the Now Platform.\nThe Medtronic ServiceNow Center of Excellence team has put safeguards in place, including an automated code review tool, to ensure low-quality code doesn\u2019t accidentally find its way onto Medtronic\u2019s global instances. Their motto: \u201cTeach others to drive but don\u2019t forget the guardrails,\u201d according to a recent presentation by Lori Breitbarth, senior IT program manager at Medtronic.\nThe security operations team, for example, faces a constantly changing threat environment. As a result, they often need to modify the forms they use to collect data. They also use a variety of security tools that feed data into ServiceNow via integrations, which often require light coding work. \u201cThey can\u2019t wait two months to onboard a developer,\u201d Jandyala says. \u201cWith their own CDs, however, they can handle most of their easy-to-make updates themselves without much assistance from the ServiceNow delivery team.\u201d\nThese CDs have become quite proficient at managing their own updates, Jandyala says. When they need help, they know they can always reach out to the COE team for any help and support they might need from pro developers.\nGrowing pains\nThe program faced challenges along the way. Training costs money, and some Medtronic business leaders were initially reluctant to invest in citizen developer training for their teams. Jandyala\u2019s team also had to persuade leaders around the company to join his program rather than simply hiring outside consultants to do the work.\nThe Medtronic citizen developer program launched in 2018. Today, more than 25 citizen developers are at work across the company. That might not sound like a big number until you consider that citizen developers now account for 44% of all changes across the three ServiceNow production instances that Medtronic maintains.\nBy putting business partners in charge of their own software development roadmap and priorities, the team has increased development throughput by 56%, according to Breitbarth.\nSo what does it take to be a citizen developer? According to ServiceNow\u2019s Bedi, good candidates are usually tech-savvy, familiar with spreadsheets, and interested in building new tools. Crucially, they need the domain expertise to understand which software changes make the most sense for their business.\nJandyala concurs. \u201cIt\u2019s not just about development skills,\u201d he says. \u201cYou also need to understand business dynamics.\u201d\n Getty Images\n\nCitizen developers need to be steeped in the business.\u00a0\n\n\nThe citizen developer movement is still in its infancy. Based on Medtronic\u2019s experience, however, we can envision a division of labor in the enterprise where citizen developers take on much of the work of modifying and augmenting service catalogs, freeing pro developers to focus on more complex, system-level work.\nWith the right training and guardrails in place, citizen developers could help spread automation and boost productivity in organizations worldwide. In Bedi\u2019s words: \u201cThe sooner you get a citizen developer program in place, the sooner you can start to scale.\u201d\nWith the right training and guardrails in place, citizen developers could help spread automation and boost productivity in organizations worldwide. In Bedi\u2019s words: \u201cThe sooner you get a citizen developer program in place, the sooner you can start to scale.\u201d\nExplore the new world of work. Visit servicenow.com.\u00a0\nThis article originally appeared on Workflow, ServiceNow\u2019s online publication that covers the evolving relationship between people and technology at work.