Using technology to reform its waste services could save Sydney\u2019s CBCity council on a line item that accounts for a hefty 21% of the council budget and 30% of resident interactions, totalling 30,000 calls per annum.\nThe council\u2019s waste-contamination rate is also high, sitting at 25%, which ranks poorly when compared to the New South Wales average of 10%. Amid this and the broader waste crisis, the council has realised that waste services needed significant improvement.\nIt was an obvious candidate for the council\u2019s innovation initiative, run under the auspices of its smart cities roadmap. This Closing the Loop on Waste project is part of a $2.1 million technology-based transformation program that uses AI and machine learning to detect recycling contamination and monitoring waste services.\nUnder the bonnet, it\u2019s a cocktail of technology that uses AI to identify contamination in recycling materials and fits out GPS and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) cameras on the fleet of 19 waste trucks. It has also tested attaching RFID tags to match a bin to a property\u2014to solve the issue of lost or stolen bins and the resulting resident enquiries. The system can also provide proactive SMS notifications to residents about missed bin collection and street sweeping\u2014again, another source of time-consuming communication time for staff and residents themselves.\nThe CBCity council is looking to reduce the detection of contamination in recycling bins from years to several weeks, cut down on resident calls about missed streets and location of waste trucks, and improve safety and drive situational awareness.\nClosing the Loop on Waste runs on a bespoke platform, Loop, which collect and shares real-time information on job requests and status, waste trucks\u2019 live locations, waste-collection routes, and customer information among various departments. It gives visibility and accountability across these services, and creates valuable data not previously possible, says Petrhyce Donovan, manager of CBCity\u2019s digital innovation and smart cities programs. She has also represented local government as a digital advocate and supported Standards Australia in adopting new regulatory frameworks.\nInnnovation is driven by the stakeholders, not IT\nIt\u2019s more than just slapping on a high-tech fix. \u201cIt required bringing the innovation team together with the\u00a0waste-services, customer-service, sustainability, and technology teams in a collaborative effort,\u201d she says. \u201cIt was as much an innovation collaboration as it was an actual technology.\u201d\nThe council is now investigating how generating and unlocking data produced through digital programs like Close the Loop can be pushed to other parts of the organisation, something that\u2019s not been possible in the past.\u201d\nDonovan recognised that for these kinds of initiatives to succeed, there needs to be ownership by the team responsible for the services, rather than the technology team. \u201cIt's not a smart-cities team or a digital-innovation team that's going to take this work on into the future. It's got to be the waste teams and the people that live and breathe every single day,\u201d she tells CIO Australia.\nTransforming any organisation will inevitably meet obstacles. Local government can be insular and siloed,\u201clooking within its own four walls,\u201d Donovan says. Traditionally, it\u2019s not been geared toward looking at the whole customer experience. \u201cThere is also a focus on upskilling staff to do innovation in an ongoing way,\u201d she says.\nCBCity council leans into innovation\nCBCity is the City of Canterbury Bankstown council, the largest council in New South Wales and the fourth largest in Australia. It has been on a path of transformation, coming some years after a controversial government-mandated amalgamation push across the state.\nTwo years ago, CBCity released its smart-city roadmap, which outlines some underlying principles about its goals and the outcomes technology and data need to deliver to the community. While it\u2019s not intended to be a concrete step-by-step plan, it does spell out the principles that guide its decision making, including leading with its vision before technology, being mindful of not creating a new digital divide, creating open government and not just data, and always translating data into meaningful knowledge, Donovan says.\nWith these principles in mind, several key innovation projects have had an everyday safety and services focus. In addition to the waste project, the team has run programs using AI and data to manage safety in school zones. Another initiative used real-time data analysis to automate the road-condition reporting process and allow for more efficiency in traditional asset management.\nThey do this, they\u2019re taking a multipronged approach. It starts with understanding the biggest problems across the council area, looking for innovative solutions (which usually involve technology and data), working with the in-house teams and stakeholders responsible for managing these areas, and developing appropriatesolutions.\nTaking a problem-led approach to tech-driven solutions\nDonovan is interested in getting to the crux of the problem and not just going for the quick wins. \u201cI don't want to know what your tech solutions are and I don't want to know what your ideas are for coming up with a solution, because there's no point unless we genuinely understand what the problems are, first and foremost,\u201d she says.\n\u201cFrom a technology perspective, this approach involves integrating some kind of new system or having some kind of new technology, adding to the suite of technology that already exists,\u201d she says.\nWhile many of the solutions lead back to technology, real changes starts with\u2014and ends with\u2014the issue that needs to be addressed. \u201cI use this as a KPI for all our projects: \u2018Did we solve that problem for the community or the residents?\u2019 It might sound oversimplified, but that's one of the main ways I keep it feeling human-centric, so that the technology is not the leading piece,\u201d she says.\nAny solution "involves integrating some kind of new system or having some kind of new technology, adding to the suite of technology that already exists,\u201d she says. But the technology must be fit for purpose and not be just bolted on.