by Thor Olavsrud

What is a data architect? IT’s data framework visionary

Nov 03, 2021
Analytics Data Management Data Mining

Data architects visualize and design an organization's enterprise data management framework, aligned with enterprise strategy and business architecture.

Data architect role

Data architects are senior visionaries who translate business requirements into technology requirements and define data standards and principles. The data architect is responsible for visualizing and designing an organization’s enterprise data management framework. This framework describes the processes used to plan, specify, enable, create, acquire, maintain, use, archive, retrieve, control, and purge data. The data architect also “provides a standard common business vocabulary, expresses strategic requirements, outlines high-level integrated designs to meet those requirements, and aligns with enterprise strategy and related business architecture,” according to DAMA International’s Data Management Body of Knowledge.

Data architect responsibilities

According to Panoply, typical data architect responsibilities include:

  • Translating business requirements into technical specifications, including data streams, integrations, transformations, databases, and data warehouses
  • Defining the data architecture framework, standards, and principles, including modeling, metadata, security, reference data such as product codes and client categories, and master data such as clients, vendors, materials, and employees
  • Defining reference architecture, which is a pattern others can follow to create and improve data systems
  • Defining data flows, i.e., which parts of the organization generate data, which require data to function, how data flows are managed, and how data changes in transition
  • Collaborating and coordinating with multiple departments, stakeholders, partners, and external vendors

Data architect vs. data engineer

The data architect and data engineer roles are closely related. In some ways, the data architect is an advanced data engineer. Data architects and data engineers work together to visualize and build the enterprise data management framework. The data architect is responsible for visualizing the “blueprint” of the complete framework that data engineers then build. According to Dataversity, data architects visualize, design, and prepare data in a framework that can be used by data scientists, data engineers, or data analysts. Data engineers assist data architects in building the working framework for data search and retrieval.

Data architect vs. data scientist

According to Dataversity, the data architect and data scientist roles are related, but data architects focus on translating business requirements into technology requirements, defining data standards and principles, and building the model-development frameworks for data scientists to use. Data scientists are experts in applying computer science, mathematics, and statistics to building models.

How to become a data architect

Data architect is an evolving role and there is no industry-standard certification or training program for data architects. Typically, data architects learn on the job as data engineers, data scientists, or solutions architects and work their way to data architect with years of experience in data design, data management, and data storage work.

What to look for in a data architect

Most data architects hold degrees in information technology, computer science, computer engineering, or related fields. According to Dataversity, good data architects have a solid understanding of the cloud, databases, and the applications and programs used by those databases. They understand data modeling, including conceptualization and database optimization, and demonstrate a commitment to continuing education.

Data architects have the ability to:

  • Design models of data processing that implement the intended business model
  • Develop diagrams representing key data entities and their relationships
  • Generate a list of components needed to build the designed system
  • Communicate clearly, simply, and effectively

Data architect skills

Data architects require math and computer science proficiency, data management skills, and the ability to analyze and present statistical information.

According to Bob Lambert, analytics delivery lead at Anthem and former director of CapTech Consulting, important data architect skills include:

  • A foundation in systems development: Data architects must understand the system development life cycle, project management approaches, and requirements, design, and test techniques.
  • Data modeling and design: This is the core skill of the data architect and the most requested skill in data architect job descriptions, according to Lambert, who notes that this often includes SQL development and database administration.
  • Established and emerging data technologies: Data architects need to understand established data management and reporting technologies, and have some knowledge of columnar and NoSQL databases, predictive analytics, data visualization, and unstructured data.
  • Communication and political savvy: Data architects need people skills. They must be articulate, persuasive, and good salespeople, Lambert says, and they must conceive and portray the big data picture to others.

Data architect certifications

While there are no industry-standard certifications for data architects, there are some certifications that may help data architects in their careers. In addition to certifications in the primary data platforms used by their organization, the following certifications are popular:

For more information about these certs, see “Top 8 data engineer and data architect certifications.”

Data architect salary

According to compensation analysis from PayScale, the median data architect salary is $121,606 per year, with total pay, including bonuses and profit share, ranging from $78,000 to $158,000 annually.

Here are some other popular job titles related to data architecture and the average salary for each position, according to PayScale:

  • BI architect: $83K-$144K
  • Data engineer: $65K-$132K
  • Data warehouse architect: $87K-$150K
  • Database architect: $73K-$155K
  • Information architect: $60K-$148K
  • Solutions architect: $76K-$161K

Data architect jobs

A recent search for data architect jobs on showed positions available in a range of industries, including consulting, financial services, healthcare, higher education, hospitality, logistics, pharmaceuticals, retail, and technology.

A sampling of data architect job descriptions shows key areas of responsibility such as: creating a dataops and BI transformation roadmap, developing and sustaining a data strategy, implementing and optimizing physical database design, and designing and implementing data migration and integration processes.

Companies are looking for bachelor’s degrees in computer science, information science, engineering, or equivalent fields, though master’s degrees are preferred. Most are looking for 8 to 15 years of experience in a related role. They want highly motivated, experienced innovators with excellent interpersonal skills, strong collaboration, and the ability to communicate effectively verbally and in writing.

More on data architecture and science: