As part of its Digital Egypt strategy, the Egyptian government is undertaking a series of major investments in ICT education. Developed to strengthen and diversify the nation's economy by bolstering technological knowledge and innovation, a key component of the Digital Egypt project is to ensure that the country's large youth population has the technical skills it needs to excel in a tech-focused job market.\n\nThe Digital Egypt concept is built on three pillars; digital transformation, digital innovation, and digital skills and jobs, which focuses on training and human-resources development. [For our story on Digital Egypt's digital transformation pillar, see "How Egypt\u2019s digital transformation is creating business opportunities". For our story on Digital Egypt's innovation pillar, see "Digital Egypt strategy calls for investment in tech hubs, innovation".]\n\n"Digital transformation is for the people, about the people and by the people, which is why this is one of our pillars," explains Khaled El Attar, vice minister for administrative development, digital transformation and automation at Egypt's Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT).\n\nThe effort to boost digital skills among the Egyptian population is meant to help close the skills gap, prevalent throughout the Middle East, between the available technical expertise and that which is required by new jobs in the IT sector.\n\nEgypt invests in IT education and skills\n\nThis work in Egypt has begun with several major initiatives, including the Future Work is Digital (FWD) government-sponsored online scholarship programme. Developed in collaboration with Udacity, it offers free qualifications in data analytics, digital marketing and web development.\n\nOriginally the goal was to offer 30,000 scholarships, but the pandemic saw MCIT accelerate its efforts and it now plans to train 100,000 during 2020-21. "The idea is to expand our skill pool and build a new generation of ICT savvy people that can help build a successful digital society in Egypt," Amr Talaat, Egyptian Minister of Communications and Information Technology said at the IDC Egypt CIO Summit this September.\n\nThe Digital Egypt Builders Initiative (DEBI) is another free scholarship scheme, this time focused on providing postgraduate qualifications in specialities such as AI, cybersecurity, and robotics and automation.\n\n"A thousand students will be invited to participate in a one-year programme in one of these disciplines," says Talaat. "They will obtain a master's degree alongside international certificates in leadership and management, and then be able to start a career in their chosen specialism."\n\nThese efforts supplement other educational programmes the government has established, including the country's first AI faculty at Kafr El Sheikh\u00a0University. Egypt aims to have 7.7 percent of its GDP derived through AI by 2030.\n\nKnowledge City built to boost R&D\n\nWhen it opens next year, the Knowledge City will consist of two R&D applied centres in advanced technologies that collaborate with global technology innovators with the aim of designing and building systems to address societal and economic needs. It will also have a training institute for specialized technologies, the National Academy of Information Technology for Persons with Disabilities, and the Egyptian University of Informatics (EUI).\n\nThe first of its kind in the MENA region, the EUI will open with four faculties; computer science, engineering, business informatics and digital arts. Currently work is underway to partner with international academic institutions such as Purdue University, to develop and offer specialised courses.\n\nDigital Egypt aims to create a pool of IT pros\n\nThese projects are all designed with the goal of creating a pool of tech-savvy professionals that can take the country forward, explains El Attar.\n\nThough the pandemic in Egypt, as in other countries, has caused unemployment rates to increase, the country has a need for IT professionals. Investments in the communications and information technology increased by 300 percent this year, according to Planning Minister Hala el Saeed, and economic reforms that have been implemented since 2016 continue to support the Egyptian economy. All of this, coupled with the need for IT pros that the Digital Egypt programme is creating, has increased demand for a tech-savvy workforce, particularly in areas such as software and security engineering, systems administrators and data analysts.\n\n"From a business point of view, Egypt needs a lot more ICT specialisation. Most Egyptian businesses have \u2018jack-of-all-trades' in their IT departments and so we're trying to change this culturally. We need to see more specialist data scientists, software architects, blockchain experts," El Attar says.\n\nThis will help with the MCIT's wider Digital Egypt strategy, which is seeing the department collaborate with technology firms in their droves on the plethora of digital transformation projects both planned and underway.\n\n"There are a lot of good opportunities for local businesses; chances to grow and potentially export their services. We think of this work as a stepping stone towards exporting more and more," El Attar adds.\n\nIT skills to boost Egypt's standing as tech hub\n\nEgyptian government initiatives to improve healthcare for residents, along with venture capital interest in the sector and a growing local talent pool, have already made the country one of the health tech startup hotspots in the Middle East. Meanwhile, the Digital Egypt plan to invest in skills can help local enterprises expand into diverse areas, says Nagia El Emary, Egypt Country Director and MEA Senior Consultant at IDC.\n\n"This is an opportunity for Egyptian businesses to gain international revenue as the country becomes known as a hub for tech skills," says El Emary. "The government is putting a focus on increasing skills in order not only to avail more technology solutions for itself, but also export Egypt's IT skills and grow in the business process outsourcing (BPO) space," she says.\n\nWith young people representing 60% of Egypt's population, these are the people that will enable Egypt's digital transformation to be fully realised. By investing in their education now, not only will Digital Egypt become a reality, it will enable many more businesses to undertake their own digital transformations.\n\n"Around 70% of large businesses in Egypt have some form of digital transformation strategy they're in various stages of implementing. For these to be successful they need new blood, new skills and new thinking. A lot of this is going to come from the newly-skilled youths that the MCIT's programmes are providing," El Emary concludes.