As software as a service (SaaS) has gained widespread market adoption, many initial deals are expiring and customers are facing renewal negotiations. But unlike other information technology deals, your negotiation leverage is much more compromised with SaaS renewals since you do not own the application licenses.\u00a0 Consider the following:\n\nDo you have renewal price protections in place or is pricing wide open for negotiations?\nHave you identified SaaS or on-premises migration options?\nIs there enough time to negotiate and implement an alternative solution?\nIs there a compelling enough business case to support the cost, time, and business disruption of migrating to another solution?\nWhat will happen to your business if you are unable to reach agreement or choose not to renew?\n\n[ Beware the 8 most common IT training mistakes and find out how to create business-savvy IT pros. | Find out what is fact and what is fiction when it comes to the IT skills and talent gap. | Get the latest CIO insights direct, with our CIO Daily newsletter. ]\nMany renewal negotiations not only fail to achieve cost reduction goals but take a tremendous toll on the negotiation team and the vendor relationship.\u00a0 Practically every failed negotiation occurs not because of a lack of negotiation skills, but because organizations were not properly prepared.\nWhile SaaS renewals negotiations may be new to you, the SaaS providers conduct such negotiations every day and have well-defined processes and procedures in place.\u00a0 They typically start thinking about the renewal at least a year in advance of the expiration date to gather customer-specific information that will inform their negotiation strategy and identify their goals, including footprint expansion.\u00a0 They know all the negotiation levers and have evaluated the strengths and weaknesses of their position.\u00a0 In short, the SaaS vendors are armed and well-prepared to drive the renewal negotiation process to achieve their goals.\nHere are six key considerations that will enable your team to properly prepare for success:\u00a0\nTimeline\nStart preparing at least a year in advance. Remember, if you cannot reach a favorable renewal deal prior to expiration, in almost all cases you will be forced to sign a deal most favorable to your vendor.\u00a0 Developing and getting executive buy-in on a negotiation strategy takes time.\u00a0 Also, your best leverage will always be the potential of migrating to another solution.\u00a0 Therefore, you need to conclude negotiations with at least enough time that it is plausible for you to migrate to another solution, otherwise the threat of leaving is pointless.\u00a0\nIt is critical to consider the procedural and approval hurdles within your organization, as well as the complexity and dependency of your SaaS solutions, when determining how much time you will need to prepare for negotiations.\nNegotiation team and executive sponsors\nBefore you can enter negotiations, you have to clearly identify the members of your negotiation team, their specific roles, points of escalation, and have approval and strong support from your executive sponsors.\u00a0 The success of any negotiation leverage you identify will be tested by your vendor. \u00a0Your positioning and contentions must be credible to be believable and effective.\u00a0\nYour vendor understands how to push through typical negotiation tactics and is confident enough to say \u2018no\u2019 during negotiations to test your team\u2019s conviction.\u00a0 The only way to counter is to escalate to your executive sponsors at the appropriate time. The executive sponsors must be people who have authority over budgets, approval processes, and influence within your organization to deviate from or create new policy.\u00a0 When the vendor hears your positions repeated directly from your executive sponsors, it authenticates your positions and lends credibility to your negotiation team.\nIdentify and prioritize commercial requirements\nYour functional team should work with your negotiation team to identify specific negotiation requirements.\u00a0 Functional team members understand the value of the solution and can highlight any pain points that need to be corrected to maximize solution value.\u00a0 Negotiation considerations should go beyond better pricing and commercial terms to focus on overall value.\u00a0\nSpeaking in terms of value is also a very effective and persuasive approach in negotiations. Be sure to take a holistic approach to value and then specifically identify your terms or requests that will directly enhance your overall value realization. This may be in the form of better pricing or price protections, improved solution performance, enhanced support, development roadmap visibility and influence, etc.\u00a0 Prioritization is also important so that you maintain focus on achieving the items of most value and be willing to sacrifice the lesser value items if necessary.\nAnticipating your vendor\u2019s goals and approach\nYour vendor will always be looking to not only secure the renewal, but to upsell or add new solutions. Their goal is to maximize revenue. But they also have strategic goals where certain types of sales are more important because they confer added benefits that go beyond the revenue from this deal. For example, maybe your vendor has just developed new solutions or is looking to expand into different geographical areas. If any of these make sense for your organization, they greatly enhance your negotiation leverage.\nAlso keep in mind that your vendor needs to be armed with compelling reasons to obtain approval of your requests. Just asking for a price reduction because you feel you are paying too much or because you heard someone else has better pricing is not very persuasive.\u00a0 If anything, it will put your vendor on the defensive and will shift their focus to providing rationale as to why they are denying your requests rather than advocating to their executives for approvals of your requests. Understanding your vendor\u2019s goals and decision-making process is key to persuading them to approve your requests.\nSelect your sticks and carrots\nIdentify the rationale for your specific negotiation requests and what you will do if your vendor denies them. This goes beyond relationship feelings.\u00a0 Here is where you need to conceive of alternative options as well as additional opportunities for your vendor such as adding more solutions or expanding deployment of their solutions to other divisions.\u00a0 In short, you need to determine what terrible thing will happen to your vendor if they deny your requests and what wonderful benefits will be bestowed upon them should they say yes. This is the context within which your vendor\u2019s executives will evaluate your requests.\nAdditionally, you will need to determine your negotiation approach, whether you will use a top down approach where you kick-off negotiations at an executive level to communicate expectations and then have the sales and procurement teams negotiate the specifics and escalate when necessary, or a bottom up approach where you start negotiations at the sales and procurement level and then escalate as appropriate.\u00a0 This depends on your vendor relationship, the nature of your asks, your timeline for concluding negotiations, and other factors.\nCommunication approach and guidelines\nIt is critical to define vendor communication guidelines within your negotiation team and throughout your organization. Vendors will look to obtain information wherever they can and will not hesitate to contact line of business managers and workers to do so \u2014 even if you\u2019ve expressly told the vendors not to contact them. Communication of these guidelines will help your organization avoid confusion and present a unified front and consistent messaging to your vendor.\u00a0 \u00a0\u00a0\nYou will also need to consider if you are to have a single point of contact or a small team for vendor communications, as well as what information should be communicated orally and in writing.\u00a0 A recommended approach is to use oral communications for positioning high-level goals, pain points, etc., but use written communications to clearly articulate specific pricing and commercial terms.\u00a0 Having a formal process for proposal negotiations is critical so that at any given time during the negotiations there is never a doubt as to each side\u2019s latest proposed offer on each issue. This will also greatly assist in providing regular progress reports to your executive sponsors and will prepare them for engaging in the negotiations at points of escalation.\nRemember that preparation instills confidence in your negotiation team and that comes through during negotiations which increases the likelihood of success.