Tech spending is trending downward, with multiple studies showing IT is once again being asked to do more with less.\n\nA July report issued by research firm Gartner said worldwide IT spending in 2020 will drop 7.9 percent from last year\u2019s figure. IDC in May predicted a 5.1 percent decline in worldwide IT spending. And a survey of 100 IT leaders from Apptio found that 80 percent feel pressure to cut IT spend, while 50 percent have already cut budgets.\n\nCIOs are clearly tightening budgets as the pandemic and its economic fallout have forced cost-cutting measures across many organizations. Yet these same events are also driving the need for new tech-enabled services. The Apptio survey, for example, found that 63 percent of the IT leaders report an increase in demand for IT capabilities. As such, CIOs continue to move forward with innovation-aimed projects \u2014 albeit more selectively.\n\nIDG\u2019s CIO Tech Poll: Tech Priorities 2020 research found CIOs launching pilots across a swath of IT capabilities, with artificial intelligence\/machine learning, customer experience, employee experience, business intelligence\/analytics, business process management\/workflow automation, cybersecurity and mobile enterprise apps being the capabilities most frequently listed.\n\nAlthough the IDG poll predated the pandemic, CIOs and executive advisors say IT continues to pursue pilots in those areas, but the pilots getting the greenlight now must show they have a short time to value, lower budgets to complete, and\/or have a high return on investment, says Gartner analyst and chief forecaster John-David Lovelock.\n\nLeading tech executives have reworked their IT roadmaps to align with revised organizational strategies that reflect and respond to the unanticipated realities of 2020 and the continuing uncertainties of the era, with multiple sources and studies showing that CIOs are testing out technologies that help their organizations become more efficient and effective as well as more responsive and resilient.\n\n\u201cCIOs are accelerating pilots that make employees as productive as possible and that can reduce costs,\u201d says Steve Berez, a partner at Bain & Co. and a founder of the firm\u2019s Enterprise Technology practice. \u201cBusinesses are becoming much more agile out of necessity in the way they prioritize the piloting and innovation they\u2019re doing.\u201d\n\nHere\u2019s a rundown of popular pilot projects that CIOs are pushing forward to improve their organizations through the pandemic and beyond.\n\n1. More advanced collaboration capabilities\n\nLike many organizations, Gainsight had a good level of collaboration technology in place when the pandemic hit, but as the need for remote work moved from days into weeks into months, CIO Karl Mosgofian saw the need to bring in better, more advanced capabilities to improve workflow across dispersed employees and teams.\n\nTo that end, he\u2019s piloting virtual whiteboard technologies, moving the pilot from demo phase to having workers try out products in their everyday meetings to see which ones best support their needs. He\u2019s also testing a tool that facilitates group gatherings and mimics those water-cooler type moments in a virtual setting.\n\nMosgofian is also seeking next-generation collaboration tools that improve the user experience.\n\n\u201cI do think right now the cultural aspects, the emotional aspect is super important,\u201d he adds. He and his fellow executives can\u2019t do much about the pandemic, he says, but \u201cif there\u2019s anything we can do to make people more efficient, effective and happy working from home, than let\u2019s do it. So that\u2019s getting fast-tracked.\u201d\n\n2. Remote anything and everything\n\nMany organizations were forced to move to a fully remote work environment this past spring. That, however, was just one point on an ongoing continuum of virtual experiences and remote capabilities that started before the pandemic and will continue into the future, experts say.\n\nAs such, CIOs are now imagining what other products and services can be delivered remotely.\n\nGartner\u2019s Lovelock points to his cousin\u2019s recent experience getting a leaky faucet fixed: Instead of showing up in person, the plumber guided his cousin through the repair via teleconferencing.\n\n\u201cI don\u2019t know that remote plumbing is going to catch on but every industry is going to find their version of remote [offerings],\u201d he says, pointing to telemedicine and telelearning as examples of how swiftly remote services have grown.\n\nLovelock says organizations are now stabilizing and industrializing the remote capabilities they have \u2014 much of which was hastily enabled as the pandemic started. He expects more organizations to soon start piloting new technologies and introducing remote capabilities to new areas.\n\n\u201cThere\u2019s going to be a lot of experimentation along those lines,\u201d he adds.\n\n3. Automation\n\nExecutives are greenlighting pilots that can cut the time workers need to devote to tasks, particularly manual and repetitive tasks that don\u2019t add much value.\n\nAs a result, CIOs are quickly moving forward with automation initiatives. They\u2019re testing out automation in new areas of their enterprise and piloting automation in more advanced processes to streamline costs and to meet new challenges that have emerged this year.\n\n\u201cCIOs are being asked to accelerate projects around automation to reduce costs and also because of the greater difficulty of getting employees to do their jobs in person,\u201d Bain\u2019s Berez says.\n\nTom Niehaus, executive vice president for North America at CTG, an IT consultancy, says his team is piloting software that automates software testing with the goal of speeding up the process, improving results and freeing developers from the time-consuming task.\n\n\u201cIt\u2019s a huge, manually intensive process that slows the time to market,\u201d he says. \u201cThe whole idea is to make it quicker, cheaper and better.\u201d\n\n4. Technologies for improved employee experiences\n\nChris Drumgoole, executive vice president and CIO of DXC Technology, is planning for a dramatically changed work environment that, while still emerging, will clearly rely on technologies to support it.\n\nThat has pushed the employee user experience to the forefront, Drumgoole says.\n\nIn response, he and his team are working on initiatives aimed at improving how employees accomplish their tasks, perform their jobs and interact with one another.\n\nDrumgoole points to IT\u2019s work in improving how they deliver technologies to employees as an example. He and his team thought about how most workers get technology from the typical IT shop versus how consumers get products and services from the Apple store; they then went to work developing processes that could improve their own IT department\u2019s user experience at a time when no one can actually walk into the office.\n\n\u201cSo where we\u2019re spending our time is on remote experience tools,\u201d he says, noting that his team built and tested tools that can be deployed on workers\u2019 computers to monitor the computers\u2019 health and report problems. These tools also allow IT technicians to take control of the machines when there\u2019s an issue, so they can fix them remotely. That eliminates the need for employees to physically bring computers in for service or to call in and conference with technicians as they together try to troubleshoot.\n\n\u201cWe already had this in mind, but COVID sped up the need for it; we have to make our employees feel more productive in this new world,\u201d Drumgoole adds.\n\n5. New security paradigms\n\nThe new environment is also prompting CIOs to test out more robust security technologies and protocols \u2014 something that many IT departments had on their roadmaps as they entered 2020 but has become even more critical during the pandemic.\n\nStudies show that cyberattacks are increasing. Meanwhile, the move to remote work and virtual everything has nearly obliterated the already porous enterprise technology perimeter, making conventional security defenses such as firewalls increasingly ineffective.\n\nDrumgoole says he and his team are piloting security solutions that can add more protection in a world where most workers are no longer in the office.\n\n\u201cWe\u2019re asking, \u2018What\u2019s the new paradigm for our network and how are we going to change our network in our offices and our workers\u2019 homes to make the experience better and more secure,\u2019\u201d he says, adding that much of the work is moving security to the endpoints and bringing decisions on how to route and whether to encrypt to endpoint devices.\n\nDrumgoole says his team had a few thousand laptops in active pilot phase early this summer with plans to expand the company\u2019s new security technologies to more endpoints as 2020 progresses.\n\n6. Tools that support optimization\n\nCIOs are also looking to combine maturing technologies such as robotic process automation (RPA) and the slew of intelligent capabilities \u2014 machine learning, artificial intelligence, natural language processing (NLP) \u2014 to fuel hyperautomation and optimization within the enterprise, Lovelock says.\n\n\u201cIt\u2019s not that these things are new, but they\u2019re now critical,\u201d he says.\n\nOrganizations are feeling intense financial pressure right, Lovelock explains, noting that while companies won\u2019t go out of business this year if they become unprofitable, they will shutter if they run out of cash. They\u2019re consequently looking for all opportunities to lower costs and preserve capital.\n\n\u201cCash has gone from being king to being emperor,\u201d Lovelock says. \u201cThings that will optimize and prevent them from spending are good.\u201d\n\n7. Technologies that push forward digital transformation\n\nVisionary organizations are looking ahead and thinking how they can emerge from the current environment better than they were, Lovelock says. And their CIOs are strategizing on how to do that.\n\n\u201cAs their spending starts to come back to them, as the CFOs give them cash, corporations are going to be in a bounce-forward mode. They can\u2019t bounce back to the analog organization they were; they have to bounce forward to be more digital than they planned,\u201d he says.\n\nSo the projects they\u2019re piloting now and over the coming months will seek to deliver on that vision, with CIOs piloting the latest and greatest core systems that power their industries. For example, insurance industries will be piloting advanced claims processing systems while banks will be testing increasingly intelligent authentication and fraud detection capabilities.\n\n\u201cAs companies have to become more digital [more quickly] than they had planned, those systems that are at the heart of what they do will be more important than they have ever been,\u201d Lovelock adds.\n\nAt the same time, organizations must continue to leverage technologies to further their digital transformations, he says. Executives across industries are seeing that the most digitally advanced companies are the ones that are faring the best during this current crisis. He points to Domino\u2019s Pizza as a case in point: The company had invested in digital initiatives well before 2020, investments that have helped them do well this year as consumers turned increasingly to contactless services.