We run a global business in an industry that places a lot of importance and value on diversityAngie Judge, Dexibit\n\u201cWe can\u2019t recruit and retain, if there is no one to recruit and retain.\u201d\nThis is the sentiment of Amazon Web Services executive Teresa Carlson, on the ongoing call to ensure the technology industry has a pipeline of diverse talent coming into the sector.\nCarlson, who is vice president global public sector at AWS, speaks out on the imperative of having diverse teams across ICT functions. As well, she is encouraging women and girls to consider a career in STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics).\nFor Carlson, it is important to take a hardline stance of having a ''diversity loop'' right at the recruitment process.\n"If you are trying to hire people and you have a loop of three [candidates], and they are all white males, you just say, 'do we have a better group that we can interview'? We need better diversity in that group," Carlson states.\n"If you do not have that diversity loop, you have to put a hardline," she says. "You just have to have it, because if you never have it you will never change the way you are doing." \nTaking this stance is just one of the ways Carlson is using her position to promote diversity in a sector where women and minorities are underrepresented.\n"It makes a better work environment, if we try to be inclusive of all groups," explains Carlson.\nNo caption\nAt a conference, we must ensure we have female leaders presenting and speaking on the main stageTeresa Carlson, AWS\nShe says there are various ways to work together and to have more diversity.\n"We need a call to action and set some goals, for something that we want to achieve.\n"For instance, at a conference, we must ensure we have female leaders presenting and speaking on the main stage," Carlson says.\nShe also shares practical insights for those managing IT teams.\n\u201cMake sure you intentionally ask them [female staff] to do things and give them responsibility. You can call upon them to answer questions during meetings, because women will not speak up," she claims. "Create that diversity within your team."\nCarlson also encourages ICT professionals to find an individual or a school classroom to mentor. \n\u201cDo something, do whatever is right for you.\u201d\nNo caption\n\u2018Pull someone up\u2019\nThis is a message that resonates closely with Angie Judge, CEO of Dexibit, which provides analytics software for museums across the globe.\nJudge believes it is important to celebrate the stories of successful people in the technology sector that represent diversity.\n\u201cThrough their example, we can break down stereotypes,\u201d says Judge, whose company provides data analytics software for museums worldwide.\n\u201cHopefully, they're in a position where they can reach down and pull someone else up. For me, having other women who were technology leaders or entrepreneurs give so freely of their time, support and networks, helped me get where I needed to go.\n\u201cThe biggest leaps in my career happened because people took a risk on me, they had faith,\u201d says Judge.\nAngie Judge, from software engineer to Dexibit CEO.\nA diverse team is not just a responsibility, it is good business too.Angie Judge, Dexibit\nPrior to setting up her own company, Judge worked for multinational technology companies including Amdocs and Hewlett-Packard. She says during that time, she often found herself the only woman in the room, or one of two in a large group.\nThus, she made sure her company did not have that kind of environment at Dexibit.\n"A diverse team is not just a responsibility, it is good business too,\u201d she states. \u201cThe diversity encourages a great mix of ideas.\n\u201cWe have a beautifully supportive culture and that warmth comes from embracing our people as individuals. Most of all, we run a global business in an industry that places a lot of importance and value on diversity. \n"Our team are passionate about these museums, because they are from their hometown. Or they speak their language, or they represent an ethnicity, or religion, or orientation they identify with. \n\u201cI think the best thing you can do to contribute to pushing the diversity agenda, is to do something proactive. Something really big for someone, who might not get a break that often,\u201d says Judge, who speaks at various forums encouraging young people to pursue a career in STEM.\n\u201cMentor them. Buy something from them. Promote them. Help them up the career ladder. Invest in them. Most importantly of all, make sure you and everyone around you respect them.\u201d\nIndeed, a recent report from analyst firm Gartner underscores the importance of diversity in an effective digital workplace programme.\nA talent shortage demands IT leaders develop the perception their organisation is an inclusive workplace valuing difference, if they are to attract the widest range of candidates, according to Gartner analysts Debra Logan and Carol Rozwell.\nBut diversity issues aside, the two Gartner analysts report a greater concern that highlights the importance of the advocacy work being done by ICT leaders like Carlson. \n\u201cTechnology careers in general are not attracting the needed talent,\u201d the duo state.\n\u201cYet there is still fierce competition for talent. To address concerns and take advantage of digital opportunities, companies need to look outside the groups that have previously filled their IT needs.\u201d\nAngie Judge, CEO of Dexibit, tells the students at the the end of Shadow Tech Day: 'The first computer programmer was a woman, Ada Lovelace.' (Photo by Divina Paredes)\nOn a mission to build the future ICT workforce\nAlexia Hilbertidou is the founder and CEO of GirlBoss, which inspires women to go into STEM roles.\nA typical day for her is being involved in workshops on leadership and the future of work, and talking to high school and primary school students to encourage them to go into STEM.\nHer work has been recognised internationally, and In July, she was invited to join a \u2018VIP mission\u2019 on board NASA\u2019s SOFIA, the world\u2019s largest flying observatory. She wrote how the flight left from the US Antarctic terminal and travelled at 45,000 ft towards Antarctica over the Southern Ocean. She also talked to the NASA scientists and wrote, \u201cI was pleasantly surprised to learn how passionate both the male and female NASA scientists were about getting more women into these fields.\u201d\nHilbertidou started GirlBoss two years ago, when she was 16 and a student at Albany High School. It now has about 8000 members across the country. \nShe recalls being the only girl in her digital technology and advanced physics class in high school.\nNo caption\nWhen you look at the future of work and the rise of automation, women will be most impacted, as they are in fields that are highly likely to be automatedAlexia Hilbertidou, GirlBoss\n\u201cIt was an isolating experience,\u201d she says. \u201cThere is so much potential on technology to make a real social difference, while women are not going into these fields.\u201d\n\u201cI started GirlBoss NZ as a way to connect with other like-minded young women, who are passionate about these fields with low rates of female participation."\nAnd these, she says, are science, technology, maths, engineering, leadership and entrepreneurship.\nWomen, she says, were among the first people involved in computing. She cites Ada Lovelace, who was considered the first computer programmer.\n"It is only further down the road in history, when IT started to be male dominated," she states.\nHilbertidou says that GirlBoss relies on corporate sponsors for its workshops. \n\u201cWe want to ensure there is equal access regardless of socio-economic background, so young women can get access to our message of support.\u201d\nShe says supporting low-income women is particularly important, because of the impact of automation on people\u2019s jobs.\n\u201cWhen you look at the future of work and the rise of automation, women will be most impacted, as they are in fields that are highly likely to be automated, such as retail and administration.\n\u201cIt is necessity to ensure we close the gender gap and that more young women are selecting these paths [into STEM].\u201d\nTechnology companies in New Zealand are focusing on diversity, but there is still work to be done, she believes.\n\u201cThere is always room to put on their accelerator and actually do more to ensure an accepting culture, and that you are actually supporting all your staff.\u201d\nIn December, 2016, she joined Dr Michelle Dickinson, aka Nanogirl, in a tour around the country. They spoke to around 20,000 young people on the opportunities in science and technology.\n\u201cWe were challenging the stereotype of what a scientist looks like,\u201d she says. \u201cWe want to highlight current female role models to change the ideas of this is what a scientist looks like, this is what an engineer looks like.\u201d\n\u201cWe want young women to understand if they go into these fields, they have the potential to make a real impact and really improve the world.\n\u201cNot having 50 per cent of our population fairly represented in these fields is shortsighted,\u201d Hilbertidou believes.\n\u201cIf we want the best technology inventions and we really want to ensure that we are progressing as a nation, we need to ensure we have equal opportunities for all our people.\u201d\n Michelle DickinsonDr Michelle Dickinson (aka NanoGirl) at the launch of the book 'Sounds Like a Game Changer: A Soon-to-Be Obsolete Collection of Technology Cartoons by Jim' at the Microsoft Ignite NZ.\nSend news tips and comments to firstname.lastname@example.org\nFollow Divina Paredes on Twitter:@divinap\nFollow CIO New Zealand on Twitter:@cio_nz\nJoin us on Facebook.