Managing Victoria\u2019s parks and waterways is a big job. A four million hectare sized job in fact, which falls to state statutory authority Parks Victoria.\nThe agency is responsible for more than 3,000 land and marineparksacross the state \u2013 from marine coastal reef systems, eucalypt forests and alpine areas, to desert landscapes and inner-city parklands \u2013 which accounts for 18 per cent of Victoria\u2019s land and 70 per cent of its coastline.\nLooking after such a large and diverse area requires a lot of people.The land under Parks Victoria\u2019s management \u2013 which attracts 100 million visits every year \u2013 is stewarded by 400parkrangers, supported by roughly 20,000 volunteers.\nThere are hundreds of businesses which interact with and rely on the parks including licensed tour operators, schools, hot air balloon firms, canoe expeditions and cafe owners. There\u2019s also production companies using the parks for their stunning locations, and major event organisers that run the Grand Prix at Albert Park or RSPCA Million Paws Walk.\n\u201cWe\u2019re a conduit for a whole bunch of really important activities. We've got every single activity you could imagine happening,\u201d Parks Victoria chief operating officer Simon Talbot told CIO Australia.\nNo caption\nAll those activities need the relevant licenses and permits, they need to be scheduled, volunteers need to be managed and assigned tasks, and rangers need to be rostered so there enough to cover demand.\nIt\u2019s a \u201cmammoth effort\u201d said Talbot, which until recently had been handled, just, by \u201cmany antiquated systems and a lot of Excel spreadsheets\u201d.\nThe agency is now three-quarters of the way through rolling out a centralised management system for employees and stakeholders called ParkConnect, which has been developed in partnership with Microsoft.\nChiefly based on Microsoft Dynamics 365 for its core customer relationship management (CRM), ParkConnect is not only better managing park processes but allowing the agency to predict demand and track trends in usage, generating \u201crich insights so we can make informed business decisions\u201d Talbot says.\nComplexity on top of complexity\nOn any given day, a ranger managing a large national park, needs to know how many visitors are due in the coming week, what events are being held, how many and which volunteers are coming to help, what permits need to be completed. There might be a compliance operation with Victoria Police or a major event requiring additional resources.\n\u201cIt's fair to say that the ranger then had to reach into the organisation to individuals to get that update, they didn't have a dashboard, or a one-stop picture of what was actually happening in their estate. Across 3,000 parks you\u2019re creating complexity on top of complexity and the data is not working for you,\u201d Talbot said.\nParks Victoria chief operating officer Simon Talbot\nCritical data was housed on an ageing Access database, while bespoke systems like Tenancy and TOMS were used for leases and licensing and Oracle for financial transactions.\n\u201cThe previous system was, frankly, a bottleneck. Best endeavours, best intentions, but it was slowing us down and adding complexity to the business,\u201d Talbot explained.\n\u201cThere were probably some informal ways of getting the information. The rangers did get it, but it was taking maybe two days at a complex site. There were phone calls, spreadsheets moving around, isolated databases not talking to each other, accounting systems not talking to each other, paper going back and forth between desks, or being scanned and emailed back and forth between remote sites, lots of data entry, lots of opportunities for mistakes,\u201d he added.\n \nDouble whammy win\nAround two years ago, Parks Victoria set out to address the complex, sluggish system.\nTalbot\u2019s team conducted a series of \u2018grassroots workshops\u2019 to find out where all the issues were with the system. As well as considering the benefits sought by the agency, personas were given to various customers to find benefits for them too.\n\u201cSo you end up with this double whammy, we got a win and they definitely got a win,\u201d Talbot said.\nMicrosoft was chosen as the vendor of choice (the agency already used existing Microsoft Office 365) and developers were partnered with people in different functions within the agency.\n\u201cLet's just go straight to the person who's got the problem and map it out through their eyes,\u201d Talbot said. \u201cWe brought rangers in, and we took the team on the road to see the problems at the parks first hand.\u201d\nThe involvement of rangers was crucial to the success of the project, Talbot said.\nNo caption\n\u201cIt wasn\u2019t just symbolic. It begins and ends with their interaction at the park level. If the back end makes a mistakehellip;the consequences of that can be quite profound,\u201d he said.\nAlthough the platform is not fully complete, benefits are already being realised. Volunteer group leaders organising activities have had their time reduced from eight hours to two. Monthly reporting on commercial agreements has been reduced from about 12 days of work to just one.\nThe number of scientific research permits has tripled since the platform has been introduced; now they can be better managed. Automation features in the platform, including therouting of tasks to the correct staff,andpreparation of billing information for onward transfer to the accounting system.\n\u201cWe\u2019re still in the early stages but our rangers are able to sit down every Monday morning, open their dashboard and see exactly what\u2019s happening in theparkthat week,\u201d Talbot said.\n\u201cIt ensures our managers have clear transparency into what\u2019s happening across theparks, giving them a dashboard that shows what\u2019s pertinent in their area at any given moment, highlighting any safety risk and advising how best to manage it,\u201d he added.\nThe next stages of the project will bring in predictive analytics and trend-spotting.\n\u201cSo when can you see a park or an area getting overly loaded you can say here are the other opportunities in the network,\u201d Talbot said. \u201cWe can also start to predict the kind of activities people want to do.\u201d\n\u201cWe\u2019re getting not just better back end data and productivity, we\u2019re getting better engagement and information sharing to forward predict where we need to be investing or be putting more people,\u201d Talbot said.