A new global study by ISACA shows few IT departments are ready for the Internet of Things (IoT), or have policies around wearable technologies.\nMore than a third (37 per cent) of Australia and New Zealand members of ISACA surveyed for the IT Risk\/Reward Barometer say their organisation has plans now or expects to create plans in the next 12 months to leverage the IoT, but the majority is not ready for wearable tech.\nJust over a third - 35 per cent - believe the benefit of IoT outweighs the risk for enterprises.\nMore than half (56 per cent) say their BYOD policy does not address wearable tech and another 35 per cent do not even have a BYOD policy. More than half of the respondents from ANZ likewise believe having wearable technology in the workplace is risky.\n\u201cMany organisations have existing acceptable use and BYOD policies, but the ISACA survey reveals very few in our region have policies covering the risks and issues with wearables in the workplace,\u201d notes Garry Barnes, ISACA International vice president.\n\u201cThe Internet of Things is here, and we are likely to see a surge in wearable devices in the workplace,\u201d he adds. \u201cThese devices can deliver great value, but they can also bring great risk. Companies should take an \u2018embrace and educate\u2019 approach.\u201d\nThis means businesses must firstly acknowledging that wearable technology is now part of people\u2019s daily lives, such as with fitness and health trackers, and secondly considering the specific risks that these may pose, says Barnes.\n These devices can deliver great value, but they can also bring great risk. Companies should take an \u2018embrace and educate\u2019 approach. Garry Barnes, ISACA\n\u201cThese risks might include unintended surveillance, illicit recording, and use or misuse of private health information. These risks could also vary among job roles within a business, for example with executive and security staff.\u201d\nISACA\u2019s IT Risk\/Reward Barometer looks at attitudes and behaviours related to the risks and rewards of key technology trends, including the IoT and BYOD. It has two components: a survey of 1646 ISACA members who are IT and business professionals around the world, and a survey of more than 4000 consumers in four countries.\n\nThe new collective force\nGartner, meanwhile, forecasts that 4.9 billion connected things will be in use in 2015, up 30 per cent from this year, and will reach 25 billion by 2020.\nFrom an industry perspective, manufacturing, utilities and transportation will be the top three verticals using IoT in 2015 \u2013 all together they will have 736 million connected things in use, reports Gartner.\nBy 2020, the ranking will shift with utilities taking the number one spot, manufacturing will be second and government will be third, totaling 1.7 billion IoT units installed.\nGovernment will take the number three spot as it invests in smart street and area lighting for energy saving reasons, says Jim Tully, vice president and distinguished analyst at Gartner. \u201cUtilities will move to the top position because of investment in smart meters.\u201d\nConnected things, such as automated teller machines and airline check-in machines, have previously existed. But, new and novel devices, and many ordinary objects, are also being reinvented with digital sensing, computing and communications capabilities.\n CIOs must understand that the most disruptive impact and competitive threats \u2014 and, equally, the greatest competitive opportunities \u2014 arise not from simply digitalising a product or service, but from creating a new business model and value proposition. Steve Prentice, Gartner\nGartner says this functionality provides both new and previously passive objects with a "digital voice", and the ability to create and deliver an information stream reflecting their status and that of their surrounding environment.\nSuch developments radically change the value proposition, creating new services and usage scenarios and driving new business models.\nIt is likely that within the next few years, some level of built-in intelligence and connectivity will be regarded as standard, and this will rapidly filter down to mainstream products and services, says Gartner.\n\u201cHowever, CIOs must understand that the most disruptive impact and competitive threats \u2014 and, equally, the greatest competitive opportunities \u2014 arise not from simply digitalising a product or service, but from creating a new business model and value proposition,\u201d says Steve Prentice, vice president and Gartner Fellow.\n\u201cOrganisations must straddle the tension of all the information available from smart things by balancing their desire to collect and analyse it with the risk of its loss or misuse,\u201d says Prentice.\nThe IoT highlights the tight linkages between information security, information technology security, operational technology security and physical security like never before. Executives now face a decision regarding the future of security in their enterprise and who governs, manages and operates it.\n\u201cThe number of connected intelligent devices will continue to grow exponentially, giving \u2019smart things\u2019 the ability to sense, interpret, communicate and negotiate, and effectively have a digital \u2018voice\u2019," says Prentice. \u201cCIOs must look for opportunities to create new services, usage scenarios and business models based on this growth.\u201d\nSend news tips and comments to firstname.lastname@example.org\nFollow Divina Paredes on Twitter: @divinap\nFollow CIO New Zealand on Twitter:@cio_nz\nSign up for CIO newsletters for regular updates on CIO news, views and events.\nJoin us on Facebook.