The Australian public\u2019s concern about security issues is the highest it has been in the last 10 years, according to research.\nAustralia recorded the second largest increase in the 2017 Unisys Security Index with identity and bank card fraud the top two areas of concern for 58 and 55 per cent of citizens respectively.\nThe global index measures citizens\u2019 concerns about a nation\u2019s sense of security. It calculates a score out of 300, covering attitudes to national, personal, financial, and internet security. The index for Australia \u2013 based on the polling of 1,002 adults \u2013 is 157 out of 300, up from 106 recorded in the 2014 survey and the highest since 2006.\n\u201cWhile the emerging market of the Philippines, Mexico, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina recorded the highest index scores, the biggest increases are in mature markets of the Netherlands, Australia, US, and the UK,\u201d said John Kendall, director of border and national security programs at Unisys.\n\u201cEven developed countries are starting to feel vulnerable, especially as we move to an increasingly connected global digital economy. The recent global impact of WannaCry ransomware attack (which occurred after this survey), made this abundantly clear. Consumer trust is very fragile,\u201d Kendall said.\nViruses, hacking and national security recorded the biggest jumps in the poll. More than half of Australians are concerned about computer and internet security in relation to viruses, unsolicited emails or hacking; the same number are also concerned about Australia\u2019s national security in relation to war and terrorism.\nKendall said identity is fundamental in addressing each of these issues.\n\u201cAnchoring our identity with secure multi-factor authentication (including biometrics) provides a strong deterrent to unauthorised people accessing our personal information, our finances and the IT systems we depend upon. Similarly, biometrics-anchored identification both expedites and secures processes such as international border clearance,\u201d he said.\nPeople in New South Wales and Queensland recorded the highest levels of overall concern (index of 163 and 160 respectively), with the Northern Territory the lowest (index of 136).\nIBM announced today research that found organisations in Australia, on average, are taking more than 175 days to detect a data breach. This is despite the fact that from February 2018, the Data Privacy Act will require organisations to report data breaches within 30 days to the Privacy Commissioner and their customers.\nBig Blue\u2019s 2017 Ponemon Cost of Data Breach found that the cost of a data breach for Australian organisations has fallen by 5 per cent year-on-year to A$2.51 million, down from A$2.64 million.\nThe average cost per stolen record for Australian organisations was A$139, a 2.1 per cent decrease. Lost business costs (turnover of customers, increased acquisition activities, reputation losses and diminished goodwill) decreased from A$0.84 million to A$0.79 million this year.\nCosts decreased due to a reduction in the number of stolen or lost records, and improvements in organisations\u2019 ability to retain customers following a data breach, and an drop in \u2018abnormal churn\u2019 (the greater than expected loss of customers).