CSIRO\u2019s Data61 has inked a major research project with cyber security firm, Penten, to build AI-enabled cyber security defence technology, better known as \u2018deception\u2019 technology that includes cyber traps and decoys.\nThe Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre (CSCRC) struck the research project between CSIRO\u2019s Data61, the data and digital specialist arm of Australia\u2019s national science agency, and Penten, in a bid to extend Australia\u2019s sovereign advantage in autonomous and active defence.\nThe project will provide Penten with access to Data61\u2019s AI research expertise. The research will focus on extending Penten\u2019s work on applying AI to turn the tables on cyber attackers, using deception technology like \u2018cyber traps\u2019 and \u2018decoys\u2019, part of an emerging category of cyber security defence.\n\u201cThis is a significant announcement for the Australian cyber research community,\u201d CSCRC CEO Rachael Falk said.\n\u201cThe collaboration brings together one of Australia\u2019s most innovative companies with our national science agency to collaborate on solving challenging problems in our field. The CSCRC continues to focus on industry led research, bringing the best scientific and engineering minds together to create tomorrow\u2019s commercial opportunities.\n\u201cStrong cyber security is critical for our economy and for Australia\u2019s prosperity. The CSCRC\u2019s primary focus is collaboration with academia, industry and government to deliver industry-driven cyber security outcomes. We want our research and work to have an impact benefitting Australia both now and well into the future. We are excited by the opportunities this collaboration presents,\u201d Falk said.\nPenten CEO, Matthew Wilson, said the company has been exploring how to fight back against cyber attackers by interspersing decoy computers and data amongst real assets.\n\u201cBecause they don\u2019t have any real value, the decoys act as digital tripwires. We discover the attackers and learn more about them by capturing their actions, observing what they choose to interact with and placing homing beacons in the decoys.\n\u201cCyber traps work best if the content is realistic, enticing and does not interfere with legitimate users. Making these cyber traps by hand and optimising for these requirements is very time consuming for cyber defenders.\n\u201cOur solutions use artificial intelligence to learn the patterns of activity and content from surrounding computers and data. We then use this information to create realistic and believable mimics. This means we can deliver suitable content extremely efficiently, tailored to a customer environment and with minimal effort on the part of the defender,\u201d Wilson said.\nPenten has developed AI tools that generate and update decoy and trap documents, military radio communications, Wi-Fi access points and active network hosts.\nDr Surya Nepal, senior principal research scientist at CSIRO\u2019s Data61 and security automation and orchestration team leader at CSCRC said the partnership could help Australia create new technologies that can reach global scale.\n\u201cAs cyber threats increase in volume and sophistication, AI and machine learning offer an opportunity to assist overwhelmed human defenders and speed up decision making and response. It also allows us to deliver more agile defences in a way that we were not able to before.\n\u201cCyber security is a critically important area of research, and Data61 is looking to partner with industry to do similar work that builds a competitive advantage for Australian companies.\u201d Dr Nepal said.