How long does it take you to get to work in the morning? If you\u2019re anything like the average Australian it\u2019s taking you a lot longer than ever before, according to the latest Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA)survey.\nAccording to the annual survey from the Melbourne Institute, published today, workers spent 4.5 hours getting to and from work each week at last count (2017), up from 3.7 hours in 2002.\n \nThose commuting in mainland state capitals had much longer travel times than those living elsewhere, averaging at about 66 minutes per day. In 2002 they were spending 55 minutes commuting each day.\n \nSydney had the longest daily commute time, averaging at 71 minutes, followed by Brisbane (67 minutes), Melbourne (65 minutes), Perth (59 minutes) and Adelaide (56 minutes).\n \n\u201cWorkers in cities may live relatively close to their workplace and benefit from more public transport options, but they will also often experience traffic congestion,\u201d the HILDA survey of17,000 Australiansnotes.\n \nFor the rest of Australia, average daily commuting time went up from 49 minutes 17 years ago to an hour in 2017.\n \nThe biggest increase in daily travel time was suffered in Western Australia (not including Perth) and the Australian Capital Territory.\n \nOnly one place is enjoying shorter commutes: Tasmania, where daily travel times have fallen since 2002 by 1.9 per cent.\n \nA person\u2019s chance of having a long commute of more than two hours a day varied significantly based on other factors. Fathers of two children, who were technicians or professionals and in the 25 to 34 and 45 to 55 age brackets were most likely to have a long commute.\n \nTraining hard\n \nThe length of an individual\u2019s commute has a big impact on their job satisfaction, the survey found.\n \n\u201cSpending a lengthy part of the day commuting may impact the way workers perceive their jobs,\u201d the survey, which is funded by the Australian Government through theDepartment of Social Services, noted.\nLong-distance commuters were less likely to be satisfied with their working hours, work-life balance and pay.\n \nThe figures suggest \u201cthat the additional time spent getting to and from work may often not be compensated through high wages\u201d the report said. Those facing lengthy commutes were also more likely to quit or lose their jobs within the next year.\nOther research has tied a longer commuting distance to higher rates of absenteeism and lower productivity.\n \nThe survey results come as more and more Australian businesses begin to offer flexible and remote working options to staff.\n \nWhile some businesses locally have clamped down on workers clocking in from their residence \u2013 IBM Australialast yearcalled on workers to spend more time in the office \u2013 remote working ison the rise, an International Workplace Group (IWG) study finding almost 70 per cent of Australians work remotely each week, in keeping with global trends.\n \nIn March, Atlassian revealedit had begun an Australia-wide assessment of its employees to gauge their suitability for remote working.\n \nFlexible working is ranked as the third most important factor in Australian millennial workers\u2019 loyalty to a company, theDeloitte Millennial Survey 2018found, after culture and pay.Other researchhas found up to three quarters favour a workplace that offers flexible working when considering a role.