In Africa, like elsewhere in the world, CIOs are increasingly expected to bring innovation to their organisations \u2013 new ideas and uses of technology that will grow their business.\nBusiness leaders today believe that new ways of working are required to enable flexibility and responsiveness in an increasingly digital world, according to a PwC\u00a0 South Africa survey, "The changing role of the CIO."\n\u201cThis new business context is seeing technology finding its way into the heart of the business agenda,\u201d according to the survey. \u201cIncreasingly, CIOs will hold the key to unlocking competitive advantage, business benefits and relevant customer engagement, and with this shift comes growing pressure on, and higher expectations of, the IT function.\u201d\nIn a recent article, we covered some of the factors that are contributing to the changing role of the CIO in Africa. Here, we\u2019ll delve into three key strategies that CIOs in businesses operating on the African continent think that aspiring technology leaders need to consider in order to meet the expectations of senior management and effectively lead their teams.\nFocus on business strategy\n\u201cCIOs are no longer simply vision executors but vision architects," says Titi Fakuade, CIO at Liberia-based Lonestar Cell, a subsidiary of South African conglomerate MTN Group.\nAfrican CIOs, like their counterparts globally, say that the focus for CIOs is moving toward the value-enhancement side of IT instead of traditional cost-optimization functions. To be considered part of the executive leadership team, technology leaders are expected to support and bring in ideas for business transformation projects that are in line with their company\u2019s overall strategy.\n\u201cThe CIO of today requires different skills from the CIO of yesterday. For a long time IT functions were centred around infrastructure, now it's more about digital transformation," said Tendayi Chirokote, CIO at Zimbabwe-based Nyaradzo Group, a life insurance and funeral services company. "Aspiring CIOs need to spend as much time learning about business enablement as they do technicals."\nSpecifically, technology leaders need to understand the general landscape in which their enterprise operates, the metrics that the executive team uses to measure performance, and the direction in which the business is headed -- and use all that along with technology to help shape company strategy, Lonestar's Fakuade says.\nEmerging technology should always be considered in light of how it might enhance business strategy. "It\u2019s important for aspiring CIOs to stay abreast of new technologies and trends [that are] critical to transforming and providing business value," Fakuade says.\nFinally, it's important to look before you leap: Technology leaders need to take the time to get to know how a company operates, and how technology supports business processes, says Shayne Turley, CIO of Goldwagon, a vehicle spare parts company with 104 stores spread across sub-Saharan Africa.\n"It\u2019s quite common for \u2018high title\u2019 individuals to come into a company and right off the bat start implementing their methods of execution, often without sufficient insight into the operational challenges," Turley says. "This I believe could quickly deteriorate a company\u2019s progress."\nFoster collaboration\nMany businesses are hampered by the lack of good relationships within IT departments, specifically between development and infrastructure staff. CIOs need to break down barriers.\n"Enterprise IT requires collaboration across all areas, from product development, product acquisition, implementation, infrastructure, information security, to data governance," said Andr\u00e9 Martin, CIO at South Africa-based King Price Insurance.\n"Good relationships bring about good collaboration, which brings about successful delivery," Martin said.\nCIOs should work to build good relationships among technical staff, developers, testers, service desk staff, technicians, administrators, architects, scrum masters, and other specialists that make up an IT team, Martin said.\nBut creating a productive, collaborative environment starts with the individual.\n"There is a massive difference between being a figure of authority and being a leader," Goldwagon's Turley said. "A modern CIO realizes\u00a0the need to include the team in decisions and exuding humility."\nCIOs also should be aware of how IT staff communicate with each other. Typically, when IT staffers arrive at work, they put on their headphones and "disappear into their world of ones and zeros," Martin says. Email and instant messaging are their primary methods of communication.\n"Encouraging staff to have more face-to-face discussions instead of using email chats, helps to create good working relationships," Martin says. "Good relationships go a long way towards creating an environment where people are happy to execute on the vision of the business."\nCultivate a culture of transparency and trust\nUltimately, the path to understanding business processes, discerning the problems that hamper operations, and cultivating productive collaboration must be laid on a foundation of openness and trust.\n"Any CIO will tell you that IT is constantly in the firing-line when it comes to issues like late delivery, failed projects, system gremlins, downtime, and more. And obviously, no one likes to be singled out, so it\u2019s natural to try to find someone else to blame," Martin says.\nTo insure peak performance you have to strive for continuous improvement, and there is no better way to do this than to learn from your mistakes. But you can only learn from mistakes if these mistakes surface, Martin says. "For mistakes to surface there needs to be a safe zone which is essentially a zone of trust in which you can surface and own up to your mistakes, without being thrown under the bus," he says.\nThis does not mean that there should not be repercussions for repeated shortcomings, Martin notes. But, without mistakes there is no learning or improvement.\nCIOs need to set the example, be transparent about their own mistakes and own up to them to help create this safe zone. "As leaders we are afraid to be transparent about our mistakes, but we need to understand that our mistakes don't go unnoticed by our staff. People simply don't appreciate double standards,\u201d Martin says.\n"The staff you lead have to trust that, if they own up to mistakes, you have available to support and guide them," Martin says.