A past client recently asked this question: Our change management process works well when we use it to make adjustments to projects, but it falls apart when we pursue transformational change. How can we be so good at some changes and so bad at others?\nThe simple answer can be found in the words of Rear Admiral Grace Hopper: \u201cYou manage things, you lead people.\u201d\nProjects \u2013 especially those in application development and infrastructure deployment \u2013 are things to manage. You can tweak a requirement here or there without forcing people too far out of their comfort zone. Transformation, by its very nature, disrupts the status quo. It is about being different not simply doing different. t requires that we do the hard work of embracing discomfort in pursuit of a different future.\nTransformational change doesn\u2019t fail because of faulty management. It fails because of faulty leadership that doesn\u2019t adapt to the type and scope of change being presented. The soundbite answer is simple. The execution is complex.\n4 quadrants of change\nPredictability and speed are the two primary forces that add complexity and volatility to change. Adjusting your leadership approach for the combination of these variables helps determine if and how change should be managed or led.\n Randy Pennington\nFigure 1 displays the interaction of predictability and speed in four distinct quadrants. In reality, they exist on a continuum rather than as four specifically designed points. Most important, the perception of you and your team about where you are in each is influenced by experience and perspective. As the old joke says, a snail riding on the back of a tortoise goes, \u201cWEEEEE!\u201d\nQuadrant I: Slow speed, high predictability\nThis is the most comfortable type of change. It is quite possibly the environment in which many of your \u201cday-to-day\u201d projects exist. Your team has the time and resources to do great work. Likewise, there is an excellent chance that you have a high degree of certainty about what the change will accomplish and why.\nFrom today\u2019s perspective, QI change represents \u201cthe good old days.\u201d The snail was riding the tortoise. You had time to unfreeze the past, make the changes you need, and then refreeze to anchor the change in the culture. Traditional change management models work best in this environment.\nThe question that opened this discussion was from a leader who had a great history of success with QI change. Unfortunately, there are fewer and fewer of those. Unpredictability is everywhere, and even a pace of change that was considered fast just a few years back is slow today. Change management works, but the challenge of change leadership is to prevent stability and predictability from becoming lethargy and disengagement.\nQuadrant II: Slow speed, low predictability\nQII change is the anomaly that almost never happens It is an out-of-the-ordinary event that you never saw coming in an otherwise slow changing, stable environment. The uncertainty it creates makes it highly disruptive, and it often presents itself as a crisis.\nThe disruption will test your resilience. Political leaders have understood for centuries the value of a good crisis to galvanize support for a new course of action.\nThe leader\u2019s immediate job in this instance is to provide confidence, hope, and direction. The performances of Rudy Giuliani during the September 11 terrorist attack and Winston Churchill during the bombings of London during World War II are examples.\nBeyond that, the effective leader inspires courage and commitment to return to stability.\nToday\u2019s business environment is more reminiscent of Alice during her adventures in Wonderland. Nothing is familiar, and you never know what is going to happen next.\nThe choice is to respond to an endless stream of disruption or to use the environment as a catalyst for reinvention.\nThe best leaders today promote an environment that continually pursues what might be coming next. They challenge the status quo through innovation. Like Alice, they understand that curiosity and creativity combined with the courage are powerful weapons to flourish in an uncertain world.\nQuadrant III: Fast speed, high predictability\nThis is the most frustrating and volatile type of change. You are being asked to run further and faster than you have ever run before even though you believe you are running as far and fast as you can.\nQIII change in organizations appears as a lack of urgency. The business environment is asking for more speed even though you are doing basically the same things. You have experienced the need for this type of change If you have ever seen a \u201cfast\u201d food service person work at a leisurely pace while the line stretches out the doorway and becomes increasingly agitated.\nThe leader\u2019s responsibility in this environment is to create a sense of urgency and a bias for action. Challenge the status quo on how the work can be done faster, better, cheaper, and\/or friendlier. Creating a culture where everyone is engaged and obsessed with delivering excellence to the customer is the key.\nQuadrant IV: Fast speed, low predictability\nVolatility and uncertainty combine to create complexity in QIV change. Successfully navigating this environment requires doing things faster, better, and different all at the same time. The masters of QIV change achieve transformational results.\nThe organization must simultaneously anticipate, quickly pursue, and adapt with resilience. It operates with a strong sense of urgency and continuously challenges the status quo. Creating and sustaining the culture necessary to flourish in this environment requires both change management and change leadership.\nWhat leaders do differently in QIV\nEvery leadership principle and competency that you have learned in the past will be valuable in a QIV environment. Vision is crucial. So are a commitment to developing talent, building a strong culture, and maintaining a high-performing team. In addition, you will need to accomplish the following to succeed:\n\nAlign the mindset around change. Everyone brings their own perceptions and baggage about change to the workplace. Some will view it simply as adapting to whatever the marketplace throws at you. Others will see it as a strong commitment to pursuing disruptive strategies. The leader\u2019s first responsibility, according to former Herman Miller CEO Max DePree, is to define reality. Now more than ever that includes aligning your team around the change environment in which you are working.\nConnect with people where they are. Buy-in is necessary for any type of change. It is the Holy Grail for transformational change. People volunteer the discretionary commitment you will need to flourish in the face of uncertainty, volatility, and complexity. Leaders must take the extra steps to help people see the change as desirable for them not just good for the organization. People change for their reasons not ours.\nSustain urgency and energy. The early days of transformational change provide an intellectual rush for everyone participating. Continuous crisis releases adrenaline to combat the stress. Constantly chasing that big opportunity releases dopamine that creates a pleasure sensation. Both have the potential to cause eventual change fatigue. The world is becoming more unpredictable, volatile, and complex. Make sure that you don\u2019t burn your team out in the process of pursuing transformation.\nUse resistance as your friend. The notion that leaders must avoid or overcome resistance is misplaced. It is a natural and vital part of any change effort. If there is no resistance, there is no real change. Your team \u2013 or at least most of them \u2013 want to do a great job for the customers you serve. That means every initial piece of resistance you experience represents a legitimate fear or concern for your team. Why wouldn\u2019t you want to know those while they can be addressed?\nGo first. You know that saying that \u201cChange is good. You go first?\u201d It is true. Your team wants you to go first. The extremes of Quadrants II and III are uncomfortable at best. Working in Quadrant IV can be scary and intimidating. People want to be led through difficult change not managed through it. Your team needs you to set the example.\n\nIf the last 25 years is an indicator, we will soon reach the point when the current speed and unpredictability of change are considered slow and stable. There is reason to believe that is already happening. The Millennial and Gen Z staff that now make up the majority of your team see the change are experiencing today as normal. We should all get busy mastering change leadership before it changes again.