Data analytics are widely used in sport \u201con the field\u201d to improve performance and boost results. A Formula 1 car can take hairpin bends at breath-taking speeds thanks to the analysis of data collected from sensors. Data generated by the positioning of rugby players in scrums influences coaching and play strategies. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has collected and studied data from cameras worn by athletes during the World Athletics Championships, to optimise training and performance. Collating and analysing data is a powerful strategy for sportspeople to perform better, stronger and faster. When it comes to collecting data generated by fans, however, it\u2019s a different story \u2013 and a superb opportunity.\nThe sports industry is big business. The Super Bowl makes $620 million, according to Forbes. In soccer, Brazil\u2019s Neymar became the most expensive player of all time in 2017, moving to Paris Saint-Germain from Barcelona for an eye-watering \u20ac222 million. Deloitte\u2019s \u201cAnnual Review of Football Finance,\u201d forecasts the UK\u2019s Premier League to generate over \u20ac5 billion revenue in the 2017\/18 season.\u00a0 When a club is promoted to the Premier League, there is a \u201crush of revenue,\u201d according to The Guardian: promotions are valued at more than \u00a3200 million, as a result of the increased commercial value the club gains.\nBut, as in the world of commerce, revenue is linked to performance. If a club performs well, it generates revenue. If it performs badly, sources of revenue \u2013 income from ticket sales, for example \u2013 will drop. The Samoan rugby team hit the news recently during the November Internationals, as their chairman declared them bankrupt. One German football chief (Mainz chief Christian Heidel in 2015) warned football clubs could collapse if they continue spending \u201ccrazy money on mediocre players.\u201d A report from financial data company Vysyble talks of the scramble to keep up financially and the \u201ceconomic exhaustion\u201d of life for newly-promoted clubs in the UK\u2019s premiership.\nSports clubs are weathering a perfect storm with pressure from investors, supporters and coaches, as they hurtle towards a high-rolling environment which just isn\u2019t sustainable. \u00a0Now, revenues must extend beyond the \u201cstandard\u201d revenue streams of broadcast rights, ticket sales, sponsorship and merchandise sales. Sports clubs must create new revenues \u2013 and the solution just might be closer to home than they realise.\nIn commerce, businesses are using data to get closer to their customers. Organizations bring together data from lots of different sources into a \u2018single customer view\u2019 to give them a deeper understanding of their customers, and to help them generate and sustain relationships. A better understanding of customers is good for the long-term health of the business, as it helps to forecast behaviours and actions. Now, sports clubs need to start using data to achieve the same objectives with their own customers: to get closer to their fans and club members, to understand them better, to create accurate forecasts and to generate new revenue streams.\nInitially, data available to clubs is at a fairly simple level \u2013 data from loyalty cards, scanned barcodes, online purchases, merchandise purchases and membership information. Used well, this data is a goldmine. \u00a0In the same way that retail banks use Entity Resolution software to join the dots on individual customers and reveal hidden connections, sports clubs can do this to learn more about their fans, to dig a bit deeper \u2013 who is connected to whom? What does this mean? How can we engage with them? In this way, they create a 360-degree single customer view, so they can deliver a highly personalised experience. Further down the line, clubs can collect and analyse more in-depth data, such as location data generated by mobiles and wearables \u2013 how did you travel to the match? How long did it take you to get to the match? Could a train company send you discounts to encourage you to use their rail network?\nAs clubs engage with fans across different channels, they have the potential to collect more and more data, from addresses and emails to social posts and preferences. They can aggregate this data, and can build out a profile, to help them deliver a relevant, consistent, engaging and profitable customer experience. Clubs could use machine learning software to number-crunch reams of data, and use algorithms to make predictions and take actions similar to Amazon\u2019s \u201cYou liked this, why not try this?\u201d prompts. For example, \u201cYou bought a ticket for the Boxing Day home game last year and enjoyed dinner at the club restaurant afterwards. Why not make a day of it again this year with 20% off and a discounted coach ride?\u201d Clubs can generate revenue from the action the fan takes, but also from commercial partners.\nI\u2019m originally from Dallas, and as a lifelong Dallas Cowboys fan, I\u2019ve witnessed sports clubs creating far more of an experience for fans. I go to the stadium \u2013 which, at the time of its build, boasted the largest HDTV in the world -and expect to be entertained and engaged with, in an interactive way. I\u2019m not just watching the match, I\u2019m involved in a more immersive entertainment experience.\nConsider this scenario and how many revenue opportunities are generated:\n\nYou go to a match, and download an app via Wi-Fi for use in real-time\nYou stream live video on your mobile\nA Q-bot reserves your place in a queue for refreshments and you pay for them via an app\nYou upgrade the app to listen in to pitch-side commentary from coaches and referees\nYou buy in-app purchases such as merchandise or ticket upgrades\nYou access real-time information on your best route home and see a map \u2013 with information delivered by a partner\nYou view real-time match stats during half-time and check other match scores\nYou take photos with AR filters (with a player or club mascot perhaps) and share them on your social media platforms\nYou\u2019re alerted to offers on tickets for the next home game\nYou swipe through offers from partner companies for related in-app purchases \u2013 clothing companies for warm coats and gloves and offers for hand warmers\nOnce home, you\u2019re sent alerts to watch post-match interviews and analysis, and have the opportunity to order a pizza direct from the app\n\nElements of this vision are already a reality and will become more so as state-of-the-art stadia, such as the one being built by Tottenham Hotspur Football Club with HP, incorporate next-generation infrastructure. The more data clubs collate and analyse, the greater the possibilities to boost engagement with fans, and the more potential they have to generate valuable new revenue streams.