In "From IT technician to IT leader \u2013 taking the first step towards leadership excellence," I talked about the challenges IT technicians face in making the transition from technician \u00a0to leader. One of the key areas that they struggle with is effective communication. It\u2019s not just the technologists, but most of us struggle with two things: \u00a0analytics and effective communication. Both skills are critical to become a leader. \u00a0In this article, I will focus on how you can improve your communication skills.\nThere\u2019s tons of material on this topic all over the internet, not to mention a number of great articles right here on CIO. So, what makes this article different? Well, it is based on my personal opinions formed after spending more than three decades in the industry leading cross functional teams including the office of the CIO. During that time, I have seen a lot of IT technicians struggle when communicating with nontechnical staff and managers and leader from other departments. I believe, at a lower level, that is what gave birth to a \u201cbusiness analyst\u201d role.\nIn most of these scenarios, the technicians fall into the trap of using technological jargon that others do not understand. In some cases, they are unable to tell their coworkers about the challenges they are facing in completing a task. I have experienced instances where someone was unable to tell me why the data set residing in one system got reduced to 10% of its original size when it synced with a different system \u2013 an explanation that took my CTO less than two minutes, because he knew exactly what to say to get the message across. This brings me to my first piece of advice in improving your communication skills:\n1. Use jargon that everyone can understand\nAs an IT technician, you hurt your chances of getting promoted and making a name for yourself if your manager has to serve as your translator. If you prefer to do all your communications through someone in your organization, and people come to that person to get through to you, you will be pigeon-holed into a specific role. You need to be able to communicate with the non-IT people around you. You may want to look into jargon that appeals to the person you are talking to, as opposed to jargon that appeals to you.\nFor example, when talking to someone who is asking for an update on a project, you should quickly identify what they are interested in and then address that portion of the project in your communication. There are a lot of moving parts with every project, a lot of the stuff that goes on in the backend, and a lot of challenges that need to be addressed. You do not need to pop-open the hood and give everyone the grand tour of the engine, if they are interested in a progress update, just give them that. If you are on schedule to meet the deadline, tell them that, and if you think there will be a delay, send them an email. This brings me to my next piece of advice.\n2. Emails are your friend\nEmails may be the norm or a big no-no for you depending on the culture of your organization, but in my experience, emails are a great way to communicate your ideas to others in a detailed manner. When writing an email, you have a lot of time to put ideas into words, put those words in an orderly manner, and then read, edit, re-read, and re-edit until you have an easy-to-read email that addresses all the concerns of all stakeholders involved in a project. Another advantage in communicating through emails, and through written communication in general, is that you control how you sound.\nIn written communication, you can write something, and come back to it in a few minutes or an hour to read how it sounds before you send it out. If you are under a lot of stress, or a bit lost about the task at hand, it will be easy to gauge from non-verbal cues, and people will pick up on it even if they are not trying to. Speaking of non-verbal communications\u2026\n3. Work on your non-verbal cues\nWhat do you do when you make eye contact with someone at the workplace? You smile and say hi. What if you\u2019ve already said hi to that person in the morning? Well, that\u2019s something a lot of IT technicians struggle with. Spending several hours a day in front of the screen takes its toll on a lot of people, and turning to a different screen to get their daily fix of entertainment doesn\u2019t help. Believe it or not, posture, facial expressions, and body language in general go a long way to establish you as leadership material in the eyes of the top brass of your organization. Saying good morning to your coworkers, shaking hands when you meet someone, making eye contact while you do so, and throwing a smile in their direction every once in a while, will do wonders in improving your relationship with your coworkers.\nI know a guy who becomes so engrossed in his work that he phases out his surroundings. While he is the best at what he does, it sometimes becomes frustrating for those around him, as they want to get his opinions on a matter, and he ends up giving them the coldshoulder. In reality, I know he is a nice person and doesn\u2019t mean to do it, but not many of his coworkers see it that way. Some even think of him as arrogant. Speaking of arrogance:\n4. Share your knowledge and be humble when you do it\nYou may be an expert in your domain, but you have to realize that everyone has their own skill set and their own area of expertise. You have to give respect to get respect, so the next time that sales agent doesn\u2019t know how penetration testing works, and why you can\u2019t move an app to the cloud before you do that, do not scoff at their lack of knowledge.\nYou know how to work the cloud, and they know how to sell it. If you educate people, without talking down to them, they will always think of you as someone who helped them learn something new. If you talk down to them while doing so, they will actively seek new ways to exact their vengeance upon you. Unlike how the Silicon Valley is portrayed by Hollywood, people in real life do not fall in line when a would-be leader shows arrogance. Pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall, so be respectful of your colleagues and they will return the favor in due time.\n5. Do your homework before meeting someone new\nInvest in a paid LinkedIn account and spy on everyone new that you meet. Going through someone\u2019s LinkedIn profile will give you a brief idea of their skill set and the journey they have taken before your paths crossed with them. This way, when you are having a detailed conversation with someone, you can say something like \u201cI was looking at your LinkedIn profile earlier, and I saw you have some experience with\u2026\u201d\nThis way, you will know exactly how to communicate with that person, which jargon to use, and how to explain something in a way that they can relate to it. If you do not do your homework on new people before you meet them, you run the risk of either talking down to them or assuming that they have knowledge of something when they don\u2019t. In either case, you run the risk of not communicating with them effectively.\n6. Improve your vocabulary\nIt doesn\u2019t hurt to do some light reading from time to time. You can also listen to podcasts and try to pick up vocabulary from the people around you. For every technical term you know, you need to have a non-technical word or phrase in your arsenal to be able to communicate it to others. One fun fact about improving your vocabulary is that when you effectively communicate something to someone using a certain phrase, they will start using that phrase in their communications with others. And when that starts happening, you will have taken a small but extremely important step towards leadership excellence.