To adapt to an increasingly digital world, CIOs are changing the way they run their IT organizations, spurring adoption of agile and DevOps programming and multithreaded operating models and creating software to automate tasks. CIOs are instituting startup-like operating models in which their software engineers experiment with emerging technologies, says Bill Briggs, CTO and managing director of Deloitte Consulting.\n"We're in a moment now of [asking], how do you reinvent what it means to deliver technology?" Briggs tells CIO.com. "Technology is at the heart of business strategy and at the heart of next-generation products and services, customer engagement and how work gets done."\nCEOs and their corporate boards expect to harness technology to search for new pockets of growth. As a result, CIOs must adopt a broader strategy called "unbounded IT," says Briggs, who described the approach in Deloitte's 8th Tech Trends report, published last week.\n\n[ Bots may send your liability risk soaring ]\n\nUnbounded IT essentially means breaking down the bureaucratic silos between IT and business. Where the business once threw project requirements over the proverbial wall to IT, CIOs now instruct their developers to work closely with business stakeholders to write, test and ship code at a far crisper clip. While this agile practice is paying dividends, some companies are seeking even faster software delivery by turning to DevOps, in which developers and IT tap automation tools to continuously test and deploy code.\nDifferent operating models require change\nUnbounded IT, for some companies, means establishing different working groups and models within IT.\n Ford \nFord Motor CIO Marcy Klevorn.\n\nFor example, Ford Motor CIO Marcy Klevorn has turned to bimodal IT, consisting of two primary operating models. The core development team focuses on risk-intensive areas such as design and manufacturing while a separate development squad targets emerging technologies, including its FordPass mobile application and connected and self-driving cars -- areas for which there is a greater appetite for risk. "We encouraged them to take risks, fail in the process and move on quickly to the next idea," Klevorn told Deloitte.\nThe team, which has embraced an agile development methodology, meets with senior leaders daily to work through problems. Ford's entire IT department, including teams for both core and emerging development, also meet weekly for four hours to brainstorm and discuss challenges. Klevorn says the increased communications and transparency has accelerated the department's transformation.\n\n[ The CSO guide to top security conferences ]\n\nFor many CIOs operating in the digital era, the need to meet customer demands is paramount. But many CIOs also realize that before their organizations can serve customers they must empower employees with premium tools. Borrowing a page from Apple\u2019s Genius Bar playbook, Salesforce.com CIO Ross Meyercord instituted Tech Force teams in the SaaS software vendor\u2019s break rooms. Employees needing technical help can approach the Tech Force staffers to troubleshoot computer, phone or other issues. They get face-to-face with IT staff, rather than filing impersonal help-desk tickets from their desks.\n Salesforce.com \nSalesforce.com CIO Ross Meyercord.\n\nMeyercord also created a self-service search tool, called Concierge, to field thousands of questions a day from employees about human resources, payroll, Salesforce.com facilities and other services. "As a result, IT case deflection has increased 24 percent and overall cost of service has decreased," wrote Meyercord in a brief published in the Deloitte report.\nRobots that watch and learn\nWhile automation is causing some consternation among economists, CIOs are leveraging artificial intelligence to gain operational efficiencies. In 2015, Mike Brady, CTO for American International Group, deployed \u201cvirtual engineers,\u201d codenamed ARIES, to help resolve network incidents. Leveraging machine learning, the co-bots operated alongside humans for 90 days, assessing outages, and determining probable causes and responses. Within six months of deployment, ARIES resolved more than 60 percent of outages.\nThe results forced AIG leaders to consider using co-bots to augment business operations, Brady said. \u201cWe want business to use machine learning instead of requesting more resources,\u201d Brady says.\n American International Group \nMike Brady, CTO for American International Group.\n\nUnbounded IT and startup culture extend to healthcare organizations such as St. Luke's Healthcare Systems, which includes 10 hospitals in Kansas City, Mo. In true bimodal fashion, CIO Debe Gash is splitting her IT projects into two categories: run-the-business efforts and transformational activities.\nThe former includes maintaining the organization's billing and other operational systems while the latter includes activities such as upgrading the company's electronic health record system and creating a mobile platform that allows patients to manage their medical appointments, order food within the hospital and engage in remote "telehealth" consultations with physicians. The idea, Gash says, is to treat the patient more like a customer whom the healthcare system is trying to surprise and delight.\n"It has really pushed us to focus on the services that IT offers and delivering those as efficiently as we can and then focus on driving value on the investments the organization is making," Gash tells CIO.com. "We think the value will come through the transformation work that we are doing."\nUnbounded IT also means great changes to technology and vendor sourcing, says Briggs. Where CIOs once primarily purchased packaged software many have become "cloud brokers," picking new collaboration, security and other applications to rent from vendors. This is forcing CIOs to become much more selective about their sourcing strategies to make sure that the various SaaS apps can communicate with each other.\n\u201cIt\u2019s not about chasing every shiny new object; it\u2019s about translating the raw potential of emerging technology into a focused set of priorities with measurable, tangible business impact," Briggs says.