This year, we saw outsourcing integration challenges multiply, production workloads and enterprise systems hit the cloud, and security hit the top of the agenda.
[ UPDATE: For the very latest in outsourcing trends, check out: 7 hot IT outsourcing trends — and 7 going cold. ]
So what’s ahead for 2017? Uncertainty for one thing. Industry watchers expect a number of shifts in the IT and business process services space — not least of which will be the initiation of more flexible outsourcing terms as the world watches and waits to see what happens once president elect Donald Trump takes office and Brexit takes hold.
We also expect to witness maturation in cloud computing, robotic process automation (RPA), and cognitive capabilities while entities like the call center and business models based solely on labor arbitrage fade into history. For more on what our outsourcing experts expect in 2017, read on.
[ Related: Brexit: A project doomed to fail ]
1. Industry insecurity reigns
The coming year will be a time of uncertainty for the outsourcing industry, both within the U.S. and abroad. “It will be one of a handful of times that outsourcing will be affected by the political climate, says Rebecca Eisner, partner in Mayer Brown’s Technology Transactions practice. The new administration coming to power in the U.S. could have an impact on trade agreements, regulations, tax policies, visas and immigration–ultimately impacting the outsourcing industry, which continues to rely on the benefits of global labor arbitrage. Brexit only adds to industry anxiety in the U.K. and Europe.
[ Related: Will Trump cause a Y2K moment for outsourcing? ]
Companies have already begun assessing and auditing their contracts to determine the impact, says Christopher A Seidl, partner and chair of the global business and technology sourcing group at Robins Kaplan. “In 2017, this will lead to deeper discussions between parties, and more renegotiations, over terms relating to currency, changes in the law, and the overall costs of the deal,” Seidl predicts. “They will also seek to add flexibility into their outsourcing arrangements through, for example, new termination rights, rights to move locations, rights to insource, and other similar protections,” Eisner says.
In the business process services space, the political environment and the higher-end work being outsourced will lead to more work being be delivered from onshore locations, predicts Rajesh Ranjan, partner with outsourcing consultancy Everest Group.
2. Security stays top of mind
Information and data security will continue to be a major concern over the next 12 months. “Traction for advanced security automation, threat intelligence, and security analytics solutions will continue to be robust as enterprises look to build a holistic approach to enterprise security and fend off business risks,” says Jimit Arora, partner in the Everest Group’s IT services division. “As-a-service models to scale security capabilities and dynamically support cloud-based workloads will also gather steam.”
[ Related: 6 ways to add cybersecurity protections to outsourcing deals ]
Vendors will take more of a lead role in protecting the enterprise through security offerings, adds Seidl. “Vendors won’t simply be thought of as an entry point for hackers, but rather as an ally for regulators, politicians, and businesses who continue to be challenged in looking for solutions.”
3. Intelligent automation drives down costs
“Intelligent automation and robotic process automation will take a step function forward for certain providers, disrupting existing commercial outsourcing structures and driving down costs and, to a lesser degree, prices in the market,” predicts David Rutchik, executive managing director with outsourcing consultancy Pace Harmon. “This will result in supplier margin expansion, greater savings opportunities for enterprise buyers, the need for enterprises to renegotiate existing outsourcing deals, and the bifurcation of the ‘haves’ and ‘have nots’ in the marketplace.”
[ Related: Why automation doubles IT outsourcing cost savings ]
4. Customers demand more from cloud
The novelty of cloud computing adoption has worn off, and the grace period for providers is over. “Clients will force cloud providers to mature,” says Adam Strichman, founder of boutique outsourcing consultancy Sanda Partners. “Clients will become more savvy about what a cloud service really means, and these ‘me too’ cloud services are going to have to grow up or be kicked to the curb.” Customers will be looking to leverage cloud as the core platform for new internal and external initiatives, adds Arora. “Enterprises will demand significantly more value from cloud service providers to drive transformation in their business.”
5. Offshore providers pivot
“The days of unprecedented growth for the tier one offshore firms appear to be over,” says Chip Wagner, president and partner with Information Services Group (ISG) Business and Emerging Service. In addition to the potential impact of Brexit and a new U.S. administration as well as increasing automation, offshore providers are also dealing with currency exchange issues. All of that has lead to increased margin pressures and staff downsizing, says Wagner. “Clients will seek differentiation of solutions driven by automation and new technologies, as well as better governance to manage increasingly multiple smaller deals.”
[ Related: Cloud services now account for a third of IT outsourcing market ]
Indian providers will significantly increase their functional capabilities in key process areas and build better organizational change management capabilities, says Rutchik. “This will enable them to compete more effectively with the IBMs and Accentures for more transformative and strategic work.” Look for acquisitions and hiring from U.S. and European consultancies.
6. RPA gets smart
Look for RPA tools to include increasing levels of intelligence. “Adding cognitive features to RPA has been going on in different ways. At its simplest form, there is some degree of context awareness when robots are running. In the more advanced form, there is computer vision and natural language processing,” says Sarah Burnett, vice president of research with Everest Group. “More is to come as RPA vendors either build or partner for AI.”
[ Related: Building a business case for offshore robotic process automation ]
RPA vendors will get smarter as well, turning their software applications into platforms that enable the seamless addition of new features. “The successful ones will be able to combine their base platform with third-party technology to increase the depth and breadth of their software to satisfy a diverse set of client requirements,” Burnett says.
CIOs should expect more calls from automation and robotics vendors this year. And if they’re not contacted, their business partners will be. “As IT robot products proliferate, these vendors are going to hit the street, and their company names will become commonplace within the C-Suite,” says Strichman. “IT professionals at all levels should expect to hear from these vendors. And they should listen.”
7. The call center fades
As self-service tools and intelligent assistants like virtual agents and chat bots become more prevalent, the call center as we know it will face extinction. In their place we will see the rise of the tech-enabled contact center, says Anna Frazzetto, chief digital technology officer and senior vice president with Harvey Nash. “Contact Centers can handle more volume with less agents because virtual agents can work on several clients at the same time,” Frazzetto says. “As these efficiencies become more apparent, organizations with products and services to sell [will shy] away from investments in mega call centers that require staffs of thousands.”
[ Related: Why outsourced call center roles are coming back onshore ]
Customers will rationalize their contact center vendor portfolios and identify key strategic partners, says Everest Group’s Ranjan, driven by the need to create integrated and seamless customer experiences.
8. Print services get sexy
CIOs have been paying increased attention to driving out cost in print and print related services through optimizing processes in recent years. But in 2017, we’ll see CIOs begin to leverage print services strategies in initiatives aimed at improving the customer experience, according to ISG managing director Dave Zamorski.
“Efforts will focus on enabling customers to choose their method of communication, whether through online services, social media, email, mobile, or traditional print,” Zamorski says. “As such, print operations will become a key component in enterprise-wide digital transformation strategies.”
9. Cognitive strategies get clearer
“Over the past year service providers have rushed to market with a wide range of home-grown cognitive platforms,” says Jeff Augustin, managing director with ISG. “In many cases, providers overstated unproven capabilities, resulting in market confusion and hype.” This year, providers will clarify their messages and focus on specific success stories.
“There’s still a long way to go in terms of clarifying true differentiation in cognitive capabilities and solutions,” Augustin says. “[But] rather than telling customers their solution will solve all their problems, in 2017 providers will reassure their customers that their solutions are gaining traction, and will use actual case studies to highlight specific business results.”
10. The market consolidates
This year saw significant merger and acquisition activity in the IT and business process services sector. That consolidation will continue and likely increase in 2017 with only the strongest players surviving. “Competition between providers continues to be fierce, and providers who have incomplete solutions will either join forces and form alliances,” says Seidl, “or they will be told, ‘the tribe has spoken,’ and they will be out.”