Last month I participated in numerous events in North America with clients, service providers and advisors \u2013 primarily discussing the many changes we are facing within the outsourcing industry. We are indeed going through some fundamental changes and exciting times for all parties.\nBelow is a summary of the latest thinking, which I call millennial outsourcing, and the facts we should be aware of:\n\nChange is imminent: There are several outsourcing contracts expiring within the next year \u2013 most of which will not likely be renewed exactly the same way as a traditional outsourcing deal is. During the Wall St. Technology Conference hosted by the Outsourcing Institute on June 2 in New York City, ISG President and Conference chair, Mr. Anubhav Sanexa, disclosed a staggering finding: the numbers of contracts facing significant changes are in the thousands.\n\n\nThe as-a-Service model is here to stay: The technological advancements with software technologies and cloud now enable organizations to effectively multisource for both standard and project-related services. Although premature, this trend is set to continue to evolve \u2013 as buyers are becoming more experienced. A key component to an effective as-a-Service model is Governance, since the \u201chandshakes\u201d required are within the critical path for an effective service delivery.\n\n\nThe labor arbitrage dilemma: As the middle class in emerging economies continues to grow, the labor benefits will commence to erode. A recent trend on nearshore and onshore locations has already begun, although there are other considerations driving that forward. For now, the basic measure that offshore is cheaper remains sustainable, however no one is certain on how long it will take for service providers to reach an offset.\n\n\nThe automation optimum: As service providers and clients look to benefit from automation as a service, there are some constraints\/key considerations to be taken into account. During a recent event hosted by Wipro and The Outsourcing Institute in New York City, Mr. Nicholas Carr, a renowned speaker and author talked about his latest book ,\u201cAutomation and Us.\u201d The comment that did resonate with me was the fact organizations like Toyota are \u201cHumanautomating Things\u201d \u2013 which is basically to bring the best from machines and humans to obtain the best possible outcome, not one vs. the other.\n\nAnother important consideration to automation is the implication to traditional pricing models. In the near future, organizations and service providers may define the new acceptable way for pricing structure at the unit rate level. A potential approach will be to disclose the percentage of automation and labor applied to a specific tower or service within a unit rate. This will help to determine the \u201cautomation appetite\u201d of organizations and service providers before they enter into an outsourcing relationship. In addition, this will also influence some potential gainsharing targets\/goals for the agreement.\n\nThe orchestration becomes real: The art of a good workflow to manage services from end-to-end through a multitude of service providers is very complex to achieve. Great examples of success have been obtained by some service providers \u2013 CapGemini\u2019s state of Texas case study the first one that comes to mind. What is interesting about this is that different organizations have different perspectives on who should be orchestrating their services. There is no right or wrong here \u2013 rather an organization\u2019s preference for managing some strategic considerations or involving an external party to do so. In addition, governance protocols and processes will be more strategic rather than operational \u2013 as organizations will need to put stronger emphasis on relationships at all levels, not on tasks or dashboards.\n\n\nThe dependency on data and analytics rises to the top: Regardless the organization\u2019s target operating model, data and analytics will become a major driver on how organizations\u2019 assess services being provided \u2013 and where the organization should focus. The standard reporting and metrics provided today will continue to be enhanced \u2013 up to a level organizations\u2019 have not seen yet. This will determine a much more fact-based approach, linking organizations trends internally with external factors. The focus will be direct tied to customer experience, not only tasks being completed on time. The old saying, \u201call of my SLAs are green, however, my clients are still unhappy with services\u201d is no longer acceptable. In the near future, organizations and service providers shall be able to understand and address issues proactively.\n\n\nThe new client-facing focus: As discussed,customer experience will drive the organization\u2019s perception of services being provided, not only the standard metrics and SLAs. The fact that services providers, either for software or infrastructure, have already invested a great amount of development and time on it is a major step forward.The integration of software and tools with mobile technology is becoming essential to the service providers business and client experience. The important factor is that organizations are heavily concerned with client-facing elements of services \u2013 as that is where the opportunity exists for them to make a difference from the client\u2019s point of view.\n\n\nThe risk considerations can no longer be evaluated in silo: The integration of technology tools from procurement to risk will provide greater visibility to risks that would otherwise be hard to assess in a timely manner. As organizations are constantly looking to protect their brands, the dependencies on service providers, regulatory requirements, and client expectations can no longer be assessed separately. During the Wall St. Technology Conference, I had the pleasure of moderating a panel discussion on this exact topic \u2013 the message I got from our speakers was simple: if you do not manage risks effectively, you will not survive.\n\n\nThe market consolidation is taking shape: As margins for outsourcing deals are in decline, a consolidation among the service providers is already taking place. Most recently, CapGemini acquired iGATE, setting a precedent for greater competition with IBM, Tata and others. The strategic nature of acquisitions going forward will be a strong factor for organizations while assessing their upcoming contract renewals.\n\n\nThe workforce generation gap: With the increased use of automation to commodity-like activities, a new generation will grow knowing how to monitor activities but lacking execution knowledge. As such, some skills and talents will become extremely valuable both to organizations and service providers. Therefore, it will be important for organizations and services providers to start laying out some of the required foundations sooner than later, so this can become a non-issue.\n\nAs you can see from above, our industry is going through fundamental changes. All parties involved are trying to anticipate the right solutions\/responses to the items listed above. The upcoming months shall provide greater clarity on where we go from here. As an advisor myself, I believe these are exciting times as we learn to navigate in this new outsourcing world \u2013 welcome to millennial outsourcing and enjoy the ride.