Intel is now making more than half of its PC and server microprocessors using 65-nanometer technology, the company announced at the opening of a chip-fabrication plant in Ireland on Thursday. The new fab is one of three Intel factories around the world using the 65-nanometer technology, which enables the production of smaller, faster, less power-hungry chips compared to those manufactured using older technologies. The 65-nanometer figure is a measure of the average size of features on the chip. One nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. Much of the industry is moving toward this technology, but Intel is ahead of the pack in producing the microprocessors in large quantities, and the US$2 billion plant, located in the countryside outside of Dublin, is now operating at high volume, Intel executives said. Intel will continue to invest heavily in the latest technologies and in building new plants, an executive said. "The cost of not enough capacity is enormously greater than of too much capacity," said Gordon Graylish, vice president of sales and marketing, and general manager of Europe, Middle East and Africa for Intel.Intel has operated in Ireland since 1989, and announced its plan to build the new plant there in 2004, amid controversy. At the time, the European Commission objected to incentives that the Irish government offered Intel to locate the plant in Ireland. Since then, Intel has chosen Israel and the United States\u00a0to build cutting-edge manufacturing facilities."It\u2019s important that Europe competes for investments like this," said Sean Dorgan, chief executive officer of Industrial Development Agency Ireland, a government body that encourages foreign investment in Ireland. However, he warned that trying to regulate competition for investment between European countries could drive investors to look outside the European Union for a better deal.Taiwanese contract chip maker United Microelectronics said Thursday that it is also making chips with 65-nanometer technology. It is already producing chips for two customers, and expects to be making them for 10 customers by the end of the third quarter.-Nancy Gohring, IDG News Service (Dublin Bureau)Check out our CIO News Alerts and Tech Informer pages for more updated news coverage.