Australia is working toward the "Smart Farm" of the future with research focusing on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and their potential to transform the Australian agriculture industry.Dr. Tim Wark, project leader of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation\u2019s (CSIRO) ICT center, said as water and labor get scarcer and more costly, the viability and sustainability of Australia\u2019s agricultural industry hinges on better utilization of resources."A key factor in this process is the availability of timely, accurate information and know-how that can revolutionize how daily management decisions are made," Wark said.WSNs are a rapidly growing area of research and provide access to environmental information in greater detail than ever before possible. A WSN comprises a group of "nodes" each measuring a variable\u2014for example, soil moisture\u2014that wirelessly interacts with its neighbors, creating an ad hoc network\u00a0that passes information to a central database.By covering a farm with these nodes, Wark said farmers can always have an accurate picture of soil moisture levels to determine the most effective irrigation needs for a field."We are also investigating the potential of WSNs for monitoring and understanding cattle behavior," he said."The nodes are worn by cattle, with the information retrieved being used to help develop methods for classifying and modeling herd behavior under different environmental conditions."By combining this with additional information gained from sensor networks, a wealth of knowledge can be gained on the effect of environmental and herd factors on animals\u2019 development over their lifetime."Researchers are also investigating ways of combining information from WSNs with the National Livestock Identification System (NLIS). As part of the NLIS, all cattle are required to wear\u00a0radio frequency identification\u00a0tags, which enable tracing their locations and interactions throughout their whole lifetime.Dave Swain, autonomous livestock systems group leader at CSIRO Livestock Industries, said WSNs provide the opportunity to autonomously monitor and manage livestock production systems in real-time."For the first time we will be able to simultaneously deliver triple, bottom-line [environmental, economic and social] benefits by allowing land managers to develop and deliver precision management options in a more labor-efficient way" Swain said.The research is a partnership involving CSIRO ICT Centre and CSIRO Livestock Industries based at the JM Rendel Research Laboratory near Rockhampton.-Sandra Rossi, Computerworld AustraliaCheck out our CIO News Alerts and Tech Informer pages for more updated news coverage.