The United States\u00a0will lose jobs to other countries if Congress fails to quickly resurrect a research and development (R&D) tax credit that expired in December 2005, a large coalition of technology trade groups said Tuesday."We are seeing American R&D going offshore," said William Archey, president and chief executive of AeA, formerly the American Electronics Association. AeA joined the Electronics Industries Alliance, the Information Technology Industry Council (ITI) and the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) to call for an immediate extension and an expansion of the R&D tax credit at a Washington, D.C., press conference. A number of other tech-related trade groups, including the Business Software Alliance, the Semiconductor Industry Association, the Biotechnology Industry Association, and the United States Telecom Association, issued press releases in support of an extension.The groups asked Congress to act now to extend the credit, during a lame-duck session that could last until late December. New members of Congress elected this month take their seats in January. The lack of the tax credit, which allows U.S. companies to get a tax break of up to 10 percent of R&D spending, is "leaving U.S. companies in a lurch," said Phillip Bond, ITAA\u2019s president and chief executive.The trade groups also called for an expansion of the tax credit that would cost an additional $1 billion to $2 billion a year. An expansion of the tax credit would allow U.S. companies to use a new formula when applying for the credit.Congress has extended the R&D tax credit multiple times since 1981, but it has resisted making the program permanent, partly because of a cost of about US$7 billion a year. Both the House of Representatives and the Senate passed an extension of the credit during the current session of Congress, but it stalled after being attached to two other pieces of legislation.It\u2019s time to stop using the tax credit as a "political football," said Rhett Dawson, ITI\u2019s president and chief executive."Now the election season is over and it\u2019s time to get it done," the ITAA\u2019s Bond said. "Innovation means American jobs."When Congress passed the first version of the tax credit in 1981, the United States\u00a0ranked first in tax incentives provided for research. Now it ranks 17th, Dawson said.It\u2019s important for the United States\u00a0to catch up to countries such as Australia, which offers a 125 percent tax deduction for R&D expenses, the trade groups said. "Today, it\u2019s important we start looking over our shoulder," said Rep. Todd Tiahrt, a Kansas Republican. "The question is where do you want those jobs? Do you want them in Finland, Ireland, China or India? Or do you want them in America?"In September, the R&D Credit Coalition collected signatures from dozens of trade groups and companies on a letter asking Congress to extend the credit. Among the companies signing that letter were AT&T, CA, Hewlett-Packard, Microsoft, Palm and Sun Microsystems.-Grant Gross, IDG News Service (Washington Bureau)Check out our CIO News Alerts and Tech Informer pages for more updated news coverage.