Microsoft on Thursday finally attempted to clear up confusion over licensing of Windows Vista for power users who rebuild their PCs on a regular basis. But the answer from the software vendor did little to placate some users, who are still upset about Microsoft\u2019s one-machine transfer policy for Vista.According to Microsoft spokesman Mike Burk, Microsoft users who frequently change the hardware configuration of the system running Vista may fail Vista\u2019s new Software Protection Platform software-validation feature more than once. If they do, they would be required to purchase an additional license or use Microsoft\u2019s support services to activate Vista on a newly configured machine.As he explained in an e-mail to the IDG News Service, Microsoft\u2019s product-activation process for Vista compares information from the initial validation\u2014which includes the hardware configuration of the device\u2014against the new configuration to transfer the license to a new piece of hardware. This process, an extension of Microsoft\u2019s Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) program designed to fight software piracy, uses an algorithm to help assess whether the software is installed on the same device, and validation of the software will fail if it detects a "substantially different hardware configuration," he said.At that point, customers can use the one-time reassignment of the license they get with their purchase of Vista to transfer the license to a new hardware configuration. However, if after a user does this, he or she "again exceeds the tolerance for updated components," Burk said, "the customer can either purchase an additional license or seek remediation through Microsoft\u2019s support services."Burk said the situation is similar to what many XP power users experience today, and that Microsoft has improved the algorithm used to determine what hardware configuration changes constitute a new device."The bottom line is that the hardware tolerance of product activation for Windows Vista has been improved and is more flexible than that for Windows XP," Burk said. "We believe these improvements will better accommodate the needs of our PC enthusiast customers."Mark Smith, a Windows user who has his own business developing custom data-acquisition and analysis packages for industrial applications, disagreed with Burk\u2019s assessment. "I have never heard of an XP user having to use Microsoft\u2019s remediation service to activate the software because they transferred to a new machine, did I miss something?" he\u00a0wrote in an e-mail to the IDG News Service.Smith said the licensing debacle and the new required WGA validation are reasons enough not to upgrade to Vista until "absolutely forced to.""[Vista] has nothing that creates an overriding desire to upgrade, and with WGA there is a strong disincentive," he said. "All recent computers that I\u2019ve purchased came with XP, and I\u2019ve had no reason or need to have Microsoft revalidate that they are genuine. To upgrade to Vista and face possible service interruptions if Microsoft incorrectly decides that a valid copy is not genuine is ridiculous, to say the least."After learning of Microsoft\u2019s explanation, Don Smutny, a software developer for a large Midwestern technology company, said he was still unsure of what might happen in some instances when he switches components out of PCs that have Vista licenses."I would like to know if there is still a \u2018timer\u2019 involved in determining whether or not I would have to call Microsoft and explain to them that changing my motherboard is not the same thing as installing Vista on a new PC," he said. "With XP, you can make most hardware changes without needing to reactivate the OS, as long as those changes had somewhere between 30 to 45 days between them."He said if Vista allows for the same type of staggered hardware upgrading, then he can live with the new licensing. However, "if there is no \u2018timer reset\u2019 mechanism built into the hardware check, then I think Microsoft still has some work to do."User concerns over Vista licensing began two weeks ago when it was disclosed that Microsoft is limiting the number of machines to which users can transfer Windows Vista licenses as part of licensing changes to the Windows client OS. Consumers who buy Vista licenses separate from hardware will be able to transfer the OS license they purchase to only one machine other than the one for which they originally bought Vista.-Elizabeth Montalbano, IDG News Service (New York Bureau)Related Links:\n\nUsers Seek Clarification Over Microsoft Vista Licensing\n\nMicrosoft Allows 1 Vista Transfer Under New License\n\nMicrosoft Hits Back at McAfee Criticism\n\nMicrosoft Offers Windows Vista Upgrade CouponsThis article is posted on our Microsoft Informer page.\u00a0For more news on the Redmond, Wash.-based powerhouse, keep checking in.Check out our CIO News Alerts and Tech Informer pages for more updated news coverage.