The Cyber Security Industry Alliance has given the U.S. government D grades on its cybersecurity efforts in 2006, and renewed its call for the U.S. Congress to pass a comprehensive data-protection law in 2007.
The CSIA, a trade group representing cybersecurity vendors, gave the U.S. government D grades in three areas: security of sensitive information, security and reliability of critical infrastructure, and federal government information assurance.
“Government needs to take these issues very seriously,” said Liz Gasster, the CSIA’s acting executive director and general counsel.
Among the problems in 2006: The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs reported a data breach involving the personal information of 26.5 million military veterans and family members. Other agencies also reported multiple lost laptops containing personal information. The CSIA called on agencies to notify citizens of data breaches.
After a rash of reported data breaches in early 2005, members of Congress introduced multiple bills requiring companies with data breaches to notify affected consumers. But a breach-notification law failed to pass, partly because of jurisdictional fights between multiple congressional committees.
A comprehensive data security bill should include breach notification, but also a requirement that all organizations holding sensitive data—including private companies, government agencies, nonprofits and educational institutions—use reasonable security standards, Gasster said. The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has taken action against several companies, but a comprehensive law would give the FTC or another agency broad jurisdiction to investigate data breaches, she said.
The CSIA is optimistic a comprehensive data-breach law will pass in the next year, even though it stalled in the last session of Congress, Gasster added. Major data breaches continue to happen, and consumers will increase the pressure on Congress to act, she predicted. In mid-January, retailer TJX Companies reported a massive data breach.
“Consumers just are not going to put up with this,” Gasster said.
Here’s how the CSIA generated its government cybersecurity grades:
• Security of sensitive information, grade D: Congress ratified the Council of Europe Convention on Cyber Crime, allowing the United States to work with other signatories on cybersecurity investigations, but failed to pass a comprehensive law to protect sensitive personal information.
• Security and resiliency of the critical information infrastructure, grade D: The Department of Homeland Security appointed an assistant secretary for cybersecurity and telecommunications and implemented some cybersecurity programs, but it hasn’t offered a clear agenda for its top cybersecurity research and development priorities or established a survivable emergency coordination network to handle a large-scale cybersecurity disaster.
• Federal information assurance, grade D: Government continues to offer a “mixed bag of successes and failures,” the CSIA said, with progress within the White House Office of Management and Budget’s enforcement of cybersecurity directives and implementation of U.S. President George Bush’s Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12, requiring agencies to start issuing smart identification cards. But the government needs to do a better job in several areas, including security issues with telecommuting and releasing information on the cost of cyberattacks, the CSIA said.
In addition to a comprehensive data-protection bill, the CSIA called for the U.S. government to strengthen the power of agency chief information officers and called on agencies to increase testing of cybersecurity controls.
-Grant Gross, IDG News Services (Washington Bureau)