A few years after leaving Xerox, Cecilia Claudio got burned by a big-name outsourcer. When she took over as CIO of Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield in 1996, she inherited a five-year, $30 million data center deal with Unisys. Claudio was dissatisfied with service levels and increasing costs, so she got out of the contract and rebid the work, ultimately going with Affiliated Computer Services. Since then, Claudio has proved that she knows not only how to get out of a bad situation but also how to bring outsourced IT back in. As senior vice president and CIO of Farmers Group, which she joined in 1998, Claudio did just that after the company acquired Foremost Insurance for $812 million in 2000. The Caledonia, Mich.-based provider of insurance for mobile homes and RVs was outsourcing all of its mainframe IT support, application development and maintenance. The company was eight years into a 10-year, $150 million arrangement with Integrated Systems Solutions (a division of IBM that eventually became the core of IBM Global Services). Foremost Insurance had originally outsourced the work for financial reasons but, according to Claudio, savings never materialized. In fact, costs were escalating. "They didn\u2019t have a strong contract that allowed the customer to reap the benefits of total cost of ownership going down over time," explains Claudio.So after Farmers brought Foremost into the fold, Claudio and her team chose to bring all the work in-house rather than offer it to another outsourcer. By doing that, she believed she would have better control over the work being done and the costs involved. Although Farmers would have to pay $4 million in cancellation fees and early termination penalties, Claudio\u2019s financial analysis showed that the company could recoup those initial costs within a year and then begin to save money.First she had to break the news to the service provider, which was difficult. "I pride myself on having excellent relationships with partners and vendors, and I don\u2019t do things lightly," explains Claudio. "It\u2019s hard to go to a big partner and say, \u2019This is no longer working for us. We\u2019re not seeing the benefits.\u2019"Then there was the process of bringing outsourced staff aboard at Farmers. Those employees effectively had been boomeranged. Originally Foremost employees, they lost their job when the IT work was outsourced. Then they had to be convinced to join up with the outsourcer. Now they were being asked to come back as Farmers employees. Claudio knew that having their knowledge of the company and its systems would be critical, particularly during the transition. So she had to "make it appealing not only on a professional level but on an emotional level." Although she could not offer them the variety of tasks and access to new technologies that the outsourcer provided, she could promise stable positions at a company that cared for its employees. Ultimately she was able to bring back 90 percent of the original IT staff. The entire reinsourcing process took six months and was completed in September 2000. Claudio says the move paid off. "Within the first year, we began saving about $6 million a year." The key has been running in-house IT like an outsourcer. "[We\u2019re] a very lean organization capable of achieving the best value for our money," Claudio explains. In fact, some say Claudio\u2019s IT shop is even more efficient than that of most outsourcers, with information technology costs coming in at 1.9 percent of revenue. William N. Pieroni, general manager of IBM\u2019s global insurance industry group, can attest to that fact: "Farmers\u2019 IT spending levels are less than half that of the major competitors, and that is nothing less than incredible given the scale and scope of the enterprise.""It all starts with pride of ownership," Claudio says. "I believe I can do as good a job if not better in the major aspects of running an IT shop than an outsourcer."