If I were to ask you if your IT staff is sufficiently customer-oriented, how would you respond? Would you describe how your senior IT leaders are responsive to their counterparts in the business? Show me your scorecard with all service levels met? Perhaps you would tout the results of your last internal customer survey, with lots of top scores from key business colleagues, or boast that your IT teams are embedded among the business units. But when I hear this sort of thing, what I think is, Here is another IT department that isn't customer-oriented at all. In fact, you are probably out of touch with your real customers\u2014the people who buy your company's products and services.MORE ON CIO.COM\nFocusing on External Customers\n\nHow to Become an Industry Leader\nIf we define the customer as someone who buys the companys products and services, then it logically follows that the customer is external to the company. Therefore, customer-oriented employees consider what they do\u2014all that they do\u2014in the context of how this better serves the real customer. However, when I came to Direct Energy in 2005 it was common for the IT staff to refer to people inside the company as customers\u2014a practice that totally ignored our real customer, the consumer of our energy services!\n\nIt's not the staff's fault. This problematic perspective starts at the top\u2014with us CIOs. According to the 2008 State of the CIO survey, when asked to choose the three executive leadership competencies most critical to their role, only 10 percent of CIO respondents chose "external customer focus." Only 9 percent chose "developing external customer insight" as one of the activities on which they spend the majority of their \ntime. If we aren't aware of what our customers are saying, then\u2014logically\u2014we are out of touch with our \ncustomers no matter how in tune we are to other employees.Customers Versus Colleagues\n\nCustomers and employees don't always want the same thing. If we listen to the customer rather than to other employees, we may understand that it is more important to resolve the customer's problem than it is to conclude a phone call quickly, as the call center managers might wish. While the average time to handle a call might be useful for measuring efficiency of a call center, it's not a great metric for ensuring customer \nsatisfaction.\n\nPause for a moment and reflect on which metrics you use to measure your IT staff's performance. Are they focused inwardly on company processes or outwardly on the customer? For example, you could measure the number \nof customer complaints\u2014an inward, process-oriented metric\u2014or the number of times a customer is inconvenienced\u2014an outward, customer-experience-oriented metric. (Hint: The latter number will be higher than the former.) If the IT team is acutely aware of customer issues such as inconveniences in doing business with you, then nothing less than gaining and retaining customers\u2014that is, growing the company\u2014will be considered a satisfactory measure of success.Are You from IT, or The Business?\n\nIt's commonly understood today that companies cannot operate without reliable IT. Yet people in our profession use terms like IT and The Business as if it's age-old wisdom that IT cannot be a part of the business. This is inconsistent with the fact that IT is necessary for businesses to function effectively. Adopt a New Lexicon\nSubstitute common IT-speak with these business terms\n \n\nIT Speak \nBusiness Language\n\n\n(Internal) customer\nBusiness partner\n\n\nExternal customers\nCustomers\n\n\nIT governance \nInvestment planning\n\n\nIT and the business\nIT in business, business technology\n\n\nCIO's business peers\nCIO and other business leaders\n\n\nInternal SLAs\nQuality goals, excellence standards\n\n\nIT project (or priority)\nBusiness project (or priority)\n\n\nFunctionality enhancement\nBusiness process change\n\n\nResources\nPeople\n\nThere is no longer any logical reason to keep the IT function separated within the enterprise either physically or mentally. There is no reason to talk about the business as if it's distinct. I find this insidious practice rife in other disciplines also\u2014finance, HR, marketing, legal\u2014all referring to customers who work in some mysterious entity called The Business.\n\nAn IT department\u2014or any other department for that matter\u2014that really thinks other employees are its customers \nor that it's separate from the business is moving toward being outsourced. Any internal department that is not adding value to the real customer may as well not be there.\n\nPeople who are trained to serve internal employees think like outsourcers, looking for system requirements and specifications and providing quotes for systems work. If people can organize across functions to focus on \nthe real customer\u2014the one paying the bills\u2014then they will look for customer requirements, specifications and quotes. The customer requirements are those that remove obstacles to customer satisfaction. The customer specification is what will deliver what the customer has asked for. The customer quote is one that is lower than your competitor's costs, or is supported by your gross margins.Finding Our Focus\n\nHow are we at Direct Energy working to escape this trap? We've started with changing what we say and how we think. Somewhat perversely, by reducing the use of the word customer, we increase our customer orientation. I banned the word customer when applied to other employees. The term business partner would substitute for any \ncompany colleague who uses technology applications.\n\nThe purpose of changing the terminology we use is to change our mentality and therefore our focus. I don't believe for a moment that customer focus will arrive overnight once people change their vocabulary, but it's a good first step.\n\nDon't talk about the business either. Be the business. Find out what the drivers of customer satisfaction are for your company and review them with your team; stay up to date with sales activity, listen to customer \ncalls, track online customer activity, know your competitors. Challenge what you're asked to do if you don't understand how the customer benefits from it. After all, it's the customer that pays your salary.\nI'm interested to know what you think about the terminology we use and how we may be hurting our own cause to deliver customer value as an integral part of the business. In what ways have you instilled a focus on the true customer for your IT group?\n\nKumud Kalia is CIO and EVP for customer operations at Direct Energy, and is a CIO Executive Council member. He may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.