The Child BotKnown for: Freakish looks and ability to learn\nDespite CB2's creepy looks, it is one of Japan's most sophisticated robots. Created to help Japanese researchers study childhood learning, the child bot is currently learning to recognize facial expressions and cluster them into categories such as happiness. It has already taught itself to walk with the help of a human, and can recognize human touch, such as head stroking.The Fish BotKnown for: Fighting pollution\n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n A school of robotic carp\u2014equipped with chemical \n\t\t\t\t\t\tsensors and artificial intelligence\u2014will be unleashed into a Spanish port to search for water pollutants. \n\t\t\t\t\t\tDeveloped by British scientists, these five-foot-long robotic fish will monitor oxygen levels and detect \n\t\t\t\t\t\tpotentially hazardous leaks. The fish will communicate with each other using ultrasonics, and information \n\t\t\t\t\t\twill be wirelessly sent to the "charging hub" (where fish will charge their batteries). The port's \n\t\t\t\t\t\tauthorities can use this data to track the source and scale of the pollution. If this robotic pollution \n\t\t\t\t\t\tmonitoring system is successful, researchers hope to use it globally.\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The FembotKnown for: Working the runway\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n Weighing about 95 pounds and standing just over five-feet tall, the fembot \n\t\t\t\t\t\tHRP-4C's proportions \n\t\t\t\t\t\tare modeled on the average Japanese woman. HRP-4C took to the runway for Japan's Fashion Week in March wearing nothing \n\t\t\t\t\t\tbut her Stormtrooper-esque armor. HRP-4C can pout, smile, strut like a model and strike seductive poses. She \n\t\t\t\t\t\teven got nervous and mixed up some of her facial expressions during her media debut \n\t\t\t\t\t\t(pre-fashion show), which her inventors chalked up to the case of the nerves (aka, the hail of camera shutters confusing \n\t\t\t\t\t\ther sound recognition sensors). \n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Telepathic BotKnown for: Reading minds\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n Honda's ASIMO humanoid robot \n\t\t\t\t\t\tcan now be controlled with thought alone\u2014and with a little help from brain machine interface technology. BMI tech relies \n\t\t\t\t\t\ton electroencephalography (EEG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and newly developed information abstraction \n\t\t\t\t\t\ttechnology. How it works: EEG and NIRS sensors are placed on a person's head. When the user imagines moving one of four \n\t\t\t\t\t\tpredetermined body part options, ASIMO complies with a corresponding movement. The setup detects changes in brain waves \n\t\t\t\t\t\tand cerebral blood flow, which is analyzed on a real-time basis to translate what the user imagined. Tests on the process \n\t\t\t\t\t\tyielded a 90 percent accuracy rate, says Honda. \n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Quadraped BotKnown for: Freakish looks and strength \n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n Even freakier than the child-bot (with a video to match), BigDog \n\t\t\t\t\t\tis the "alpha male of Boston Dynamics family of robots." Funded by the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), \n\t\t\t\t\t\tthe robotic quadraped can walk, run, climb rough terrain and carry a 340-pound load. Weighing about 165 pounds, and \n\t\t\t\t\t\tmeasuring over 3 feet long and about 2 \u00bd feet tall, it's the size of a small mule. (And if the pack mule thing doesn't work \n\t\t\t\t\t\tout, BigDog could surely have a movie career playing creepy sci-fi insects.) \n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Surgeon BotKnown for: Ability to perform complex surgery \n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n On a less life like front, the Da Vinci robotic surgical system helps \n\t\t\t\t\t\tsurgeons perform minimally invasive procedures, an approach that uses tiny cameras on instruments inserted through \n\t\t\t\t\t\tsmall incisions. A surgeon sits in a console a few feet away from the patient, viewing an actual image while \n\t\t\t\t\t\tcommanding the system in its operation. The system replicates the surgeons' movements in real time. Robotic-assisted \n\t\t\t\t\t\tsurgery allows for more finely tuned movements than what the human wrist can do, and 3D HD vision and two separate \n\t\t\t\t\t\tHD optical channels allow for more accurate depth perception. \n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Programmable BotKnown for: Becoming the official robot of the RoboCup \n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \tNao has a cute factor that's \n\t\t\t\t\t\tup with the best of them (WALL-E and EVE come to mind). Designed for entertainment purposes, the programmable \n\t\t\t\t\t\trobot has a computer at its core based on Linux and scripted with Urbi. Nao succeeded the Sony Aibo as the \n\t\t\t\t\t\tofficial robot last year for RoboCup. Currently in \n\t\t\t\t\t\tprototype the 23-inch Nao robots have been shipped to researchers. Release to the public is planned for \n\t\t\t\t\t\tlate this year. \n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Hand BotKnown for: Restoring ability \n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \tAs the first-to-market prosthetic hand with five individually powered digits, the bionic \n\t\t\t\t\t\ti-Limb \n\t\t\t\t\t\tis giving amputees a new life. Awarded an innovation in engineering award, the \n\t\t\t\t\t\ti-Limb simulates natural \n\t\t\t\t\t\ttouch and sensitivity: It gives the ability to pick up a Styrofoam cup without crushing it, for example. \n\t\t\t\t\t\tEach finger has motor, which means each is independently driven and can articulate, and the thumb is rotatable \n\t\t\t\t\t\tthrough 90 degrees.\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Lost BotKnown for: Relying on the kindness of strangers \n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \tUnlike many robots, Tweenbots are aimed more at answering \n\t\t\t\t\t\tquestions about humanity's softer side than they are at testing the boundaries of technology. Traveling in a \n\t\t\t\t\t\tstraight line, the tiny robots were unleashed into the streets of New York with a destination displayed on a flag. \n\t\t\t\t\t\tThe purpose? To see if people would help this little cutey get where it was going. To a large extent folks did help, \n\t\t\t\t\t\trescuing the little Tweenbot when became trapped in a pothole or caught under a park bench.\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \n The Scientist BotKnown for: Making an important discovery \n\t\t\t\t\t\n \n \tThe robot scientist Adam (behind Professor \n\t\t\t\t\t\tRoss King and a colleague) has made its first scientific discovery\u2014one that had stymied its human counterparts since \n\t\t\t\t\t\tthe 1960s. Adam, created by Aberystwyth University, was tasked with identifying a gene in brewer's yeast. Endowed with \n\t\t\t\t\t\tfour personal computers that act as a brain, robotic arms, liquid handlers and other equipment, Adam devised its own \n\t\t\t\t\t\thypotheses and ran experiments to test them. It was able to identify the gene, which is related to growth. Scientists \n\t\t\t\t\t\tare hoping Adam (and the next robot, Eve) will help them with data-intensive research.