Everyone loves to pit Oracle and SAP against one another\u2014including the executives of the two behemoths that sell ERP, CRM, BI and supply chain software. \n\nNow that SAP has released its first-quarter earnings (Oracle did so in late March), now is as good a time as any to break down\u2014in a head-to-head balance-sheet battle\u2014just how each fared, as CIO.com has done previously. \n\nIn addition, we'll look at the burning questions facing each vendor and their CEOs now, and what the "safe harbor" outlook for the rest of 2010 is. \n\nTwo things to note: Oracle's and SAP's fiscal years don't run on the same calendar periods. Therefore, this table compares Oracle's Q3 FY 2010 numbers (U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, GAAP) vs. SAP's Q1 FY 2010 numbers (International Financial Reporting Standards, IFRS). "Change" compares the most recent quarter's results to the quarter the year previous. Total Revenues \/ Change Oracle EDGE SAP $6.4B \/ +17% $3.1B \/ +5% \n Net Income \/ Change Oracle EDGE SAP $1.2B \/ -10% $486M \/ +97% \n Total Operating Margins \/ Change Oracle EDGE SAP 29% \/ -7 percentage points 22% \/ +9 percentage points \n Software Revenues \/ Change Oracle EDGE SAP $1.7B \/ +13% $582M \/ +11% \n Service & Support Revenues \/ Change Oracle EDGE SAP $3.3B \/ +13% $2.4B \/ +12% \n Earnings Conference Call Quote Oracle EDGE SAP Oracle CEO Larry Ellison: "In applications, SAP is the leader. But their technology\u2014that they use for their applications\u2014is a proprietary technology, a German programming language called ABAP...that is a 25-year-old technology.... [SAP] is a company that we think is vulnerable, and we think we have an excellent chance of becoming number one in applications." SAP co-CEO Bill McDermott on the importance of Business Objects to SAP's future: "...and as we look at this past quarter, we've replaced the competition in 70 very key wins, 24 of them with a well-known competitors. And what we are seeing is the Business Objects line of business 'conversation' is in many cases now the precursor for the ERP 'conversation.'" \n Mentions of the Other Vendor During Earnings Call Oracle EDGE SAP Mentions of SAP by Oracle Execs: 27 Mentions of Oracle by SAP Execs: 0 \n What Maintenance and Support Problem? Oracle EDGE SAP "Customer support attachment and renewal rates continue at near record levels." -Jeff Epstein, Oracle CFO [Note: Oracle does not reveal those numbers] "Nine out of 10" SAP customers have chosen to go with Enterprise Support. "By providing choice, it's calmed down the [controversy]. Now that's very far behind us." -Bill McDermott, SAP co-CEO \n Big, Scary Numbers to Consider Oracle EDGE SAP Generated $8 billion of free cash flow during the past 12 months. Execs' goal is 1 billion SAP users by 2014. Currently SAP has 12 million users. \n Top Rivals (Other Than Each Other) Oracle EDGE SAP IBM Microsoft \n Which Will Be Generally Available First? Oracle EDGE SAP Fusion Applications Suite Business ByDesign \n Who's Really Calling the Shots? Oracle EDGE SAP Larry Ellison (still) Hasso Plattner (again) \n Nagging Questions Oracle EDGE SAP Will former Sun customers find happiness now dealing with Oracle? How far will Oracle go to protect its maintenance and support revenue streams? Despite all the Fusion Apps hype, people just don't dig enterprise software. Can the co-CEOs win over skeptical SAP customers and the Sapphire audience? Even with Business ByDesign, does SAP still offer too much legacy? SAP executives think sustainability is important, but do customers care that much? Table by Thomas Wailgum \n\n Do you Tweet? Follow me on Twitter @twailgum. Follow everything from CIO.com on Twitter @CIOonline.