Recently, BPR-Rico Manufacturing decided it was time for a change in its human resource systems.\n\n\nThe Medina, Ohio-based engineering outfit, which builds lift trucks and other material-handling equipment, had been using Sage North America's Abra HR solution. The on-premises deployment was more than a decade old and had acquired some eccentricities. The system would randomly change employee dental insurance deductions to the two-year prior rate. An employee who generally worked a 32-hour week would occasionally flex to 40 hours, but the system would still pay for only 32 hours.\n\n\nAs it happened, Rico Manufacturing already was replacing its paper-based time card system with cloud-based time and attendance software from Kronos. The company decided to tap Kronos to replace its human resources and payroll system as well\u2014and move it to the cloud.\n\n\nThe company went live on Kronos' Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) human resources platform last July. The time and attendance system kicked in two months later. Kent Stelmasczuk, CFO at Rico Manufacturing, says the Kronos SaaS approach is cost-neutral with respect to the on-premises system, just considering the software licensing fees and not taking the cost of hardware into account.\n\n\n"Anything we save on hardware is all upside," Stelmasczuk says, noting that the company had been preparing for a server upgrade prior to the cloud shift.\n\n\nThe fundamentals of SaaS human resources are lining up for other organizations as well. The Department of Veterans Affairs is working toward a pilot launch of a SaaS HR system under a 10-year, $123 million contract with IBM. That deployment will replace a legacy human resources application that dates from the early 1960s.\n\n\nGartner: SaaS Now Replacing Legacy Apps, as Well as Extending Them\n\n\nIndeed, the sheer age of many human resources systems encourages migration to a new platform and that often means SaaS. Jason Averbook, chief business innovation officer at cloud services provider Appirio, says the HR application sector is in the midst of a replacement cycle. Averbrook was previously CEO at Knowledge Infusion, a human capital management consultancy Appirio acquired last year.\n\n\nUp to 90 percent of the Fortune 1000 will replace or re-implement its core HR system in the next four years," he says. "Most of the software that's out there was written before the Internet was born. It doesn't meet the needs and expectations of employees and managers. That's why you see so much activity around the cloud."\n\nCloud Offers Benefits for Firms Replacing Legacy HR Software\n\nCIOs opting for human resources in the cloud have a number of choices from companies that grew up in the cloud or have moved to SaaS delivery following a history on on-premises products. Vendors offering human resources management applications in SaaS form include ADP, Ceridian, Kronos, Oracle, SAP and Workday.\n\n\nAverbook says a pending on-premises upgrade of a legacy human resources system can trigger a move to SaaS. Many aging in-house systems have been customized beyond recognition and require a ton of internal support to keep them running, he points out. "CIOs want to get out of the business of maintaining back office systems. When the time to upgrade comes, it's natural to look elsewhere."\n\n\nRelated: Internal Oracle Document Details HCM Software Strategy Plans\n\n\nRico Manufacturing avoided a legacy system and infrastructure upgrade and also offloaded the ongoing chore of updating an in-house application. The company used to receive quarterly state and federal tax updates from its previous HR vendor. But the updating task was susceptible to human error. The in-house software, for example, let customers select which portions of the update they wanted to install. (In one case, prior to Stelmasczuk's arrival, the state tax updates were applied, but not the federal.)\n\n\nIn addition, the updating process involved downloading the update file, applying the update to the software and then going into the application and launching the updates, Stelmasczuk explained: "It was a multi-step process."\n\n\nNow, Kronos handles the job of keeping the software current.\n\n\n"We don't have to do the application of the updates and patches," Stelmasczuk says. "It is all happening behind the scenes."\n\n\n"For [the] VA, a vendor-hosted HR solution just makes sense," adds Paula Molloy, associate deputy assistant secretary, Human Resources Management, Policy & Planning, at the VA. "It allows us to deliver functionality without a major infrastructural investment, and frees-up our IT resources to focus on those applications that truly need to be 'in-house.'"\n\n\nThe VA, meanwhile, also benefits from the hosted system's shared-services pricing model, according to Adam Jelic, partner at IBM Global Business Services. He said IBM is providing the VA's human resources application through an HR Line of Business Shared Services Center. The hosted system's advantages, he says, include sharing cost across multiple clients, keeping software up to date and speed of deployment.\n\n\nNews: IBM to Buy Cloud HR Software Vendor Kenexa for $1.3B\n\n\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\n\n\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\n\nIBM is working on the application design, development and testing phase of the VA project. The company will eventually operate the hosted system, which will be built around Oracle PeopleSoft, Monster Government Solutions and IBM software. Deployment of a production application is slated to begin in January 2014 with the rollout to be completed by year end 2015.\n\nSaaS HR Implementation Isn't Always Quick and Painless\n\nInstallation time is often cited as a benefit of the SaaS model, but the duration of the rollout varies according to the size and experience of the customer and the scope of the project, industry executives say. The VA's phased-deployment will span a couple of years\u2014but the system will support more than 300,000 employees.\n\n\nIn contrast, Stelmasczuk says the core SaaS human resources deployment at Rico Manufacturing, which employs about 100 people, took about a month and a half.\n\n\nBob DelPonte, senior product line director at Kronos, says that, while SaaS removes the infrastructure component, the approach doesn't save time in configuration or other aspects of a rollout. SaaS providers must hold discussions with customers on how the application should be set up, he says: "Those conversations still need to be happening with the business folks."\n\n\nRelated: Salesforce.com Acquires Rypple for Push Into Cloud HR Software\n\n\nAverbook concurs that the technical aspects of SaaS deployment go much faster compared with on-premises solutions. The people and process side, however, takes time. "What isn't necessarily faster is the cultural change that goes into deploying these new tools," he says.\n\n\nAverbook says SaaS vendors can get a customer live in six to 12 weeks, "but that doesn't mean people are going to use it [the cloud app] or understand why you did it." A six- to 12-month initiative is a more reasonable expectation for an organization's human resources SaaS deployment, he adds.\n\nChannel Partners Can Play HR SaaS Consultant Role\n\nAverbook says a human resources cloud project slants 90-10 towards people and process vs. technology. That's in contrast to enterprise resource planning (EPR) projects, where Averbrook spends perhaps 70 percent of his time on technology and 30 percent on process and cultural change.\n\n\nProcess-oriented installations provide an opening for channel partners with a consultative focus. Averbook says Appirio aims to help customers "reimagine" how workforce-facing tools can be used. Human resources software doesn't have a good reputation among workers, who may resist using it. But the consumer technology-inspired interfaces of the newer cloud solutions provide an opportunity to make human resources software an everyday tool that employees want to use.\n\n\n"Let's not try to figure out how to get it adopted," Averbook said of SaaS human resources. "Let's try to figure out how [employees] get addicted to it."\n\n\nSaaS human resources vendors recruit partners to extend their market reach. Workday's partner ecosystem includes 29 service providers, for example, with Accenture, Appirio, Deloitte, IBM and PwC among the companies on the roster.\n\n\nLeighanne Levensaler, a Workday vice president who oversees the company's human capital management product strategy, says those partners can provide implementation help as well as business transformation and change management services.\n\n\nSince Workday does all the infrastructure set up, Levensaler says, "The systems integrators are doing far more than they\u2014had been able to do on legacy providers' implementations. They can focus on some very strategic engagements as well as configure the system for production."\n\n\nNews: Workday Focuses on Its Post-IPO Future\n\n\nMore News: Workday Adds Time-tracking Module to Cloud HCM Software\n\n\nDelPonte says Kronos works with about 120 channel partners, who offer the company's small and medium business products. He says that channel generates about 45 percent of the company's SMB revenue.\n\n\nChannel partners hope to secure work easing customers' human resources cloud transition. But the buyer'' own experience with SaaS in workforce-related areas can also help pave the way.\n\n\nJelic notes that the VA had been using a SaaS-based learning system prior to the full-scale human resources engagement and adds that other public sector clients use SaaS-base recruitment systems. "It gives them an example of how certain components of human resources can be handled through SaaS and encourages them to expand," he says.