by Elana Varon

Banking Reform and IT Risk

Apr 08, 20084 mins
IT Leadership

Unless you work in the financial services industry, the proposal Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson issued last week to reform U.S. financial institution regulations won’t have much, if any impact on how your business runs. But it could benefit your IT strategy to pay attention as the debate over the proposal unfolds.

Paulson’s proposal suggests several short-term and longer-term steps to better coordinate regulation of the U.S. financial system. The intent is twofold: to improve oversight—in order to be able to identify more quickly an impending fiscal crisis like the implosion of the subprime mortgage market—and to modernize the current regulatory structure to account for the risks and opportunities of global financial markets.

When Enron collapsed and the dotcom bubble burst, we got Sarbanes-Oxley, and IT departments ended up with a big headache as they scrambled to implement accounting controls. I think financial industry reform will be different. For one thing, hammering out the details may take years. “There may be some IT implications at some time, but it’s going to be several technology generations from right now before we get the first requirement,” says John Von Stein, executive vice president and CIO with The Options Clearing Corp.(Von Stein says his company has not taken a position on any of Paulson’s proposals).

Furthermore, whatever those requirements end up being, from today’s vantage point, it doesn’t look like they would directly impact every public company, the way Sarbanes-Oxley did (take our poll and say whether or not you agree). Changes to how financial companies are regulated would affect the economy as a whole, but new requirements would likely fall primarily on the financial services industry. Changes on the table include merging the SEC and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission and giving the Fed more power to investigate banks—including direct federal oversight of the payment and settlement systems that financial institutions use to move money.

Yet, the fact that some federal officials—in a Republican administration, no less—consider government oversight of corporate business systems to be a critical piece of the reform agenda should make every CIO stop and think. Howard Rubin, president of the consultancy Rubin Systems and a research associate at MIT’s Center for Information Systems Research. Rubin consults with financial services companies, and he says the Paulson plan “could be a bellwether of more transparency into the activities of business.”

Rubin thinks that if the government can define the parameters for one type of corporate information system, it won’t be too long before regulators set quality standards for other types of systems—and then use those standards to rate corporate risk. I’m not sure I agree. Sarbanes-Oxley and the current financial reform proposals were each a response to market quakes. Policymakers have shown little appetite to regulate in any comprehensive way the IT-related risks that are confined to individual companies (for instance, data security).

But I do think that investors want better disclosure of business and IT risks. My colleague Thomas Wailgum recently looked at how Wall Street evaluates corporate technology and concluded that IT matters most when there’s a problem with it. Meanwhile, we have private-sector risk management initiatives like the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard, which the major credit card companies have imposed on merchants to secure transaction data and protect the card companies from fraud.

“The things that you do in IT—how they change the risk profile of your company from a business standpoint—that whole area isn’t very well mapped” in most companies, says Rubin. “Risk

is not about business continuity management. It has to do with quality of information and the way it flows through and how you do accounting.”

Does your IT strategy take into account the risks that IT poses-or mitigates?