What is project portfolio management? Aligning projects to business goals

PPM is a process in which an organization’s projects are evaluated to ensure strategic alignment with company goals. To achieve companywide objectives, project managers and executives must understand PPM's benefits, best practices, and software.

Project portfolio management definition

Project portfolio management (PPM) is a process by which an organization’s projects are evaluated and executed to ensure strategic alignment with company goals. PPM provides executives, project managers, team members, and stakeholders an overarching view of their projects, including how they fit into the organization’s directives and strategy, thereby lending insights into the potential returns and risks involved.

Under PPM, projects are grouped into programs based on relevance and similarities. Those programs and their respective projects should fall under a portfolio strategy undertaken by the project management office (PMO) to meet overall company objectives. In this way, PPM does more than just align projects with business strategy; it provides a means for aligning an organization’s approach to project management, including all project policies and processes, to its goals.

The benefits of PPM

Project portfolio management enables organizations to achieve higher rates of success by aligning them with mid- to long-term company goals. PPM also drives the following positive outcomes:

Clarity of purpose and big-picture thinking: PPM enables team members to not only execute at a detailed level but also understand and visualize how project, program, and portfolio management ties to an organization’s vision and mission. By linking each project milestone and task back to the broader goals of the organization, PPM fosters big-picture thinking.

Improved capacity planning and resource management. Capacity planning and resource management largely depend on how well your PMO executes its strategy and links the use of resources to company-wide goals. Wasted resources are among the biggest issues companies encounter when it comes to navigating project scope. PPM decreases the chance of wasted resources by ensuring resources are allocated based on priority and are being effectively sequenced and wisely leveraged to meet intended goals.

Higher degrees of productivity. PMOs that communicate why project tasks are vital in creating value are more likely to increase productivity. Employees who understand their role in reaching larger goals work harder in general and pay attention to the quality of their deliverables.

Increased agility. By aligning project activities with strategy, companies become more agile, making it easier to manage change and adapt as opportunities and obstacles arise.

Improved ROI. By helping to achieve clarity around company objectives, improving resource management, and increasing productivity and agility, PPM greatly improve the return on investment (ROI) of any project. With PPM, projects investment is more likely to pay off and set companies on better footing for the future.

Project portfolio management software

The right tools are essential to succeeding with PPM, and the following are among the best. Each offers features such as easy access dashboards, portfolio management, project planning, requirements management, collaboration, budget and issue management, task management and status tracking.

  • Clarizen One is a project and portfolio management solution for larger IT and professional services organizations.
  • Mavenlink is best suited to small to large professional services businesses, particularly within industries such as marketing, advertising, public relations, architecture, engineering, IT services, management consulting and education.
  • monday.com is a scalable project portfolio management tool designed for teams of up to 200+ users.
  • ProjectManager.com works well for managers and teams within all industries, and is available in four tiers (Personal, Teams, Business, and Enterprise).
  • Targetprocess is an enterprise planning solution that works well for midsize to large companies.

Project portfolio management process steps

To succeed with PPM, PMOs should develop and implement a process to help ensure everything goes smoothly and as expected. Here are some key steps that should be included in the PPM process.

  1. Identify all existing and potential projects. Without a complete inventory of current and upcoming projects, it is virtually impossible to establish a successful PPM strategy. This is the first step in achieving the best ROI.
  1. Determine how each project will impact company strategy. Each project must provide clear value in furthering company strategy in the mid- to long-term. This value should be easy to trace, document, and communicate to all stakeholders.
  1. Prioritize each project. Once the value of projects has been substantiated, the PMO must prioritize which projects should be executed in what order and why. They ‘why’ is crucial. Not understanding why one project is a priority over others can be costly if the sequencing is off.
  1. Allocate resources. Once projects have been selected and prioritized, resources must be allocated and managed. Allocation reduces the chances of wasted resources. Carefully and accurately identify all available resources and assign each in ways that do not cause overloading and potential conflicts.
  1. Adjust project strategy as required. Because change is constant, it is important to revisit company goals, each project within each program, and all available resources to ensure alignment with strategy remains.

PPM best practices

Best practices can not only increase the likelihood of PPM success but also provide companies with assurances as to the value of each project when attempting to identify projects to undertake. Here are some key best practices for doing PPM right.

Key PPM frameworks

Frameworks can have a positive impact on your PPM strategy and execution. Popular PPM frameworks include the following.

Agile PPM: Organizations around the globe are recognizing and adopting an Agile approach to PPM. According to Accenture, some of the benefits of Agile PPM are:

  1. A more committed and effective organization around value streams
  2. The ability to select the right initiatives, based on a rolling forecast
  3. The ability to create and maintain meaningful oversight
  4. Higher degrees of transparency of work items and resources
  5. The ability to continuously steer on value and metrics in smaller increments

Prince2: Developed in the UK, Prince2 (Projects in a Controlled Environment ) focuses on business cases rather than projects. Prince2 works well in companies with a defined PMO and where there is a focus on breaking down a project into stages that are more manageable and controllable. This framework can be used at any level and is more often employed at larger organizations. Prince2 is considered easy to learn and use, even for those with limited experience.

PMBOK: Project Management Body of Knowledge, developed by the Project Management Institute (PMI), is considered the gold standard for project managers. PMBOK takes a knowledge-based approach that is heavily reliant on the experience and knowledge of the project manager. It is focused heavily on documentation and works well if your organization prefers to leave most of the decision-making to the trained professionals within the PMO.

Project portfolio management certification

PMI is the gold standard for globally recognized project, program, and portfolio certifications. They offer a Portfolio Management Professional (PfMP) credential, providing “advanced competency in the coordinated management of one or more portfolios to achieve strategic objectives.”

Certification requires a minimum of eight years of professional business experience and a secondary degree (high school diploma, associate’s degree or global equivalent) with 10,500 hours of portfolio management experience; or four-year degree (bachelor’s degree or the global equivalent) and 6,000 hours of portfolio management experience.

Project portfolio management training

PMI also offers a list of organizations that it has approved to provide training in project, program, and portfolio management.

Copyright © 2021 IDG Communications, Inc.

The CIO Fall digital issue is here! Learn how CIO100 award-winning organizations are reimagining products and services for a new era of customer and employee engagement.