Welcome to 2023. As the new year arrives, CIOs are facing a challenging to-do list as they strive to maximize IT productivity and efficiency in increasingly unpredictable times.\n\nAs technology projects, budgets, and staffing grew over the past few years, the focus was on speed to market to maximize opportunity, says Troy Gibson, CIO services leader at business and IT advisory firm Centric Consulting. This is no longer true. \u201cAs the economic pendulum shifts to cost control, CIOs will have to find ways to continue achieving the same results but with less margin for error,\u201d he notes. \u201cHow well teams execute will be key.\u201d\n\nResponding to both old and new challenges, IT leaders must reassess their business and technology strategies and, when necessary, realign them to address rapidly evolving business and economic concerns. The following eight priorities are gaining the most attention.\n\n1. Building resiliency\n\nResiliency will be a top priority for many CIOs this year as they face a possible recession and ongoing labor shortages. \u201cTechnology will play a pivotal role in building resiliency, since it\u2019s entrenched in every aspect and rung of an enterprise,\u201d says Peter Kirkwood, principal consultant at Zinnov, a global management consulting and strategy advisory firm.\n\nCritical IT skills, especially in cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and machine learning, have long been in short supply, and the current labor shortage is intensifying the need for such professionals, Kirkwood notes. \u201cBuilding resiliency with technology will enable a CIO to think beyond their own team and help them address this challenge for the company as a whole,\u201d he says. \u201cHaving the right technology can create a ripple effect, empowering employees, which enables satisfaction and a superior experience.\u201d\n\n2. Improving business intimacy and alignment\n\nBusiness intimacy enables CIOs to increase their relevance, enhancing their ability to deliver business value. IT leaders can improve business intimacy by bringing new skills and operating processes to the executive table, says Juan Perez, CIO and executive vice president at Salesforce.\n\nCIOs should begin the process by fully understanding the priorities, pain points, processes, investments, and technologies their colleagues are dealing with. \u201cIt\u2019s critical that CIOs are aware of everything that\u2019s taking place across sales, service, marketing, commerce, IT, HR, finance, and more,\u201d Perez says.\n\nIncreasing business alignment while driving efficiency and productivity with automation and AI tools are important goals in any economic environment. \u201cHowever, they are especially important as CIOs help guide their enterprises through challenging times,\u201d Perez notes.\n\n3. Rationalizing the technology estate\n\nOver the past decade, enterprises have rapidly added powerful technology and cloud-based services to their portfolios. At the same time, they have been much less likely to retire the legacy systems these new tools were meant to replace, creating a complex web of redundant applications and systems, warns VMware CIO Jason Conyard.\n\nThere\u2019s an industry-wide push to reduce technical and data debt and reallocate those resources toward building the future, Conyard says.\u202f\u201cCIOs will be looking to rationalize their technology estate to reduce unnecessary cost and maintenance, and to minimize their security attack surface and privacy exposure.\u201d\n\n4. Aligning on business goals\n\nThere must be open, transparent, and collaborative working sessions to create alignment on how technology capabilities can be deployed to meet enterprise goals, states Bill Cassidy, CIO at New York Life Insurance. \u201cAll participants need to demonstrate strong communication skills, including effective listening, to properly weigh the pros, cons, and tradeoffs of one path of execution versus another,\u201d he adds.\n\nCassidy notes that when working with colleagues it\u2019s important to \u201ckeep a thoughtful end-state in mind\u201d before adding or changing technology ecosystem elements. \u201cAchieving this clear end-state vision requires deep and successful business and technology alignment,\u201d he says.\n\n5. Monetizing data insights\n\nOrganizations that can successfully act on their data insights will thrive, says Dan Krantz, CIO of electronics test and measurement equipment manufacturer Keysight Technologies. To achieve this goal, \u201cCIOs need to treat the assessment and analysis of data as a scientific discipline,\u201d he advises.\n\nKrantz suggests that IT leaders should seek Ph.D.-level talent while embracing the latest data mining, data analysis, and analytical tools. He also believes that CIOs should create solutions featuring low-code extensibility, an intuitive user experience, and abundant APIs for maximum composability. \u201cFrom a people perspective, analytical and quantitative skills are now more pressing than software engineering skills,\u201d Krantz states.\n\nKrantz warns that IT leaders who fail to embrace scientifically-obtained data insights will remain mired in an Excel wormhole. \u201cThe negative financial and competitive consequences ... will be difficult to escape,\u201d he says.\n\n6. Embracing digital transformation\n\nCIOs in 2023 will need to continue driving enterprise digital transformation, says Elizabeth Hackenson, CIO and senior vice president at energy management and automation firm Schneider Electric.\n\n\u201cAt Schneider Electric, we\u2019re focused on transforming our sales tracking processes as well as HR,\u201d Hackenson says. \u201cIt\u2019s about being a partner in the business, moving toward greater resiliency, sustainability, and customer value through the adoption of simplified, modern CRM, ERP, and HR systems.\u201d Hackenson believes that her organization\u2019s cloud transition, combined with advanced digital technologies, will lead the firm to a new generation of smart, cybersecure factories and distribution centers.\n\nHackenson believes that a resilient, future-ready supply chain is driven by efficiency. \u201cDigitization is also essential for achieving sustainability goals across business operations,\u201d she says. The key to success, she notes, is maintaining a close partnership and alignment with all business functions, as well as placing customers and employees at the heart of every digital transformation effort. \u201cIt\u2019s also essential to find the right partners who share an agile mindset and commitment to sustainable change.\u201d\n\n7. Modernizing cyber defenses\n\nTo defend against emerging cyber threats in 2023 and beyond, IT leaders should consider increasing their investments in IT modernization, says Phil Venables, CISO of Google Cloud.\n\nThe increased malicious activity observed in 2022 is no surprise and will only continue to grow in 2023, Venables predicts. \u201cCyberattacks aimed at a company\u2019s networks can have severe consequences, ranging from financial losses or liability to eroding an organization\u2019s reputation.\u201d\n\nIn a modern IT environment, security should be a built-in infrastructure element, not an add-on. \u201cEven with short-term challenges, the long-term benefits of IT modernization are paramount and key to mitigating evolving cyber threats,\u201d Venables explains.\n\nVenables believes that legacy IT presents a significant challenge to security teams. \u201cIt\u2019s important to recognize that governments and enterprises cannot modernize their security without modernizing their infrastructure and software development practices first,\u201d he says. \u201cWithout a continued focus and investment in IT modernization, organizations will not be able to realize the full benefits of the advances in security.\u201d\n\n8. Preparing to do more with less\n\nA top priority in 2023 should be leveraging technologies that will allow the enterprise to move faster and nimbler, says Nicolas Avila, CTO for North America at software development firm Globant. The challenge is finding ways to achieve these goals in an era of constricted budgets.\n\nBudgets are being slashed across industries, Avila notes. While IT is generally not as affected as many other sectors, given technology\u2019s importance in maintaining competitive success, CIOs still face the need to get more done within a budget that may not allow all goals to be achieved.\n\nAvila believes there will be a significant focus on cost optimization via technology in 2023. \u201cNot only will this allow enterprises to save limited resources, but it will also enable them to redefine business processes to make work less complicated and more in line with what the labor market will be,\u201d he says.\n\nThe key to surviving in the year ahead, Avila says, will be to become lean without losing essential capabilities, enabling the enterprise to rebound faster and stronger from the economic shakedown that many observers see coming in 2023. \u201cThe reality is that the world is continuing to move faster and faster, and CIOs need to lead the way in making sure their enterprise can match that pace, from customer experience to operations to employee engagement,\u201d he says.